"Quality and Life" № 4(24) 2019



Main theme: 
Quality of life and reasonable regulation of chemical products


Release date: 
20.12.2019

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QUALITY OF LIFE

p. 5-16

Creation of a New Branch of the Academy of Quality Problems in the Context of the Implementation of Priority National Projects

D.O. Skobelev, candidate of economic sciences, director of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow

M.L. Rakhmanov, doctor of technical sciences, chief researcher of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow

N.M. Muratova, candidate of chemical sciences, deputy director of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow

O.Yu. Chechevatova, candidate of medical sciences, first deputy director of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow

O.V. Grevtsov, candidate of medical sciences, head of the department of standardization, methodology and evaluation of Best Available Technologies of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow

O.V. Golub, head of resource saving methodology department of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow
 
e-mail: info@eipc.center, info@ciscenter.org
 
The article is devoted to the created new branch of the Academy of Quality Problems: «The best available technologies and resource saving». The main activities of the new department are considered, their significance and relevance for solving a wide range of tasks to ensure the quality of life is shown.

Keywords: best available technologies, resource efficiency, environmental industrial policy, regulation of the circulation of chemicals and mixtures.
 
References:
1.            Skobelev D.O., Guseva T.V., Chechevatova O.Yu., Sanzharovsky A.Yu., Shchelchkov K.A., Begak M.V. Comparative analysis of the development and revision of reference documents on the best available technologies in the European Union and the Russian Federation. Publishing House «Pero». Moscow, 2018. 88 p.
2.            Skobelev D.O. Ecological and technological modernization of industry and the transition to the best available technologies. Current trends in environmentally sustainable development. Collection of abstracts. FSBEI HE «M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University» (Faculty of economics). 2018. pp. 153–154.
3.            Skobelev D.O., Guseva T., Chechevatova O., Begak M., Tsevelev V. Chartered experts in best available techniques in Russia: key principles and first practices. Proceedings of the 18th International multidisciplinary scientific Geoconference SGEM-2018. 2018, volume 18, issue 5.1. pp. 183–190.
4.            Grevtsov O.V., Volosatova M.A., Starshinov R.V. Expert evaluation of the implementation of the Best Available Technologies: you can’t keep silent. Sugar. 2018, No. 9. pp. 44–46.
5.            Nikitin G.S., Osmakov V.S., Skobelev D.O. Harmonization of environmental and industrial policies, global indicators. Competence. 2017, No. 7(148). pp. 20–28.
6.            Volosatova M.A., Grevtsov O.V., Begak M.V. Technical Committee «Best Available Technologies»: new directions of development. Competence. 2018. No 9–10(160–161). pp. 28-31.
7.            Smirnova T.S., Maryev V.A. Success factors for eco-technology parks in the world. Municipal solid waste. 2017, No. 2. pp. 14–17.
8.            Smirnova T.S., Maryev V.A. Formation of a system of environmental parks in the Russian Federation. Municipal solid waste. 2017, No. 3. pp. 21–23.
9.            Tsyb S.A., Storozhenko P.A., Skobelev D.O., Chistyakov A.G., Kondratiev V.B., Muratova N.M., Orlov A.Yu., Zbitneva E.V. About the Concept of development of the system of state regulation of the circulation of chemicals and products. Competence. 2015, No. 6(127). pp. 8–16.
10.          Tsyb S.A., Storozhenko P.A., Skobelev D.O., Chistyakov A.G., Kondratiev V.B., Muratova N.M., Orlov A.Yu., Zbitneva E.V. About the Concept of development of the system of state regulation of the circulation of chemicals and products. Competence. 2015, No. 7(128). pp. 14–19.
11.          Tsyb S.A., Storozhenko P.A., Skobelev D.O., Chistyakov A.G., Muratova N.M., Orlov A.Yu., Zbitneva E.V. Experience in using international regulatory practices to develop a system of state regulation of the circulation of chemicals and products in the industry and trade of the Russian Federation. Chemical and biological safety. 2015, No. 1–2. pp. 25–37.
12.          Tsyb S.A., Skobelev D.O., Chistyakov A.G., Muratova N.M., Orlov A.Yu., Zbitneva E.V. The development of state regulation of the circulation of chemicals and products. Chemical and biological safety. 2015, No. 1-2. pp. 38–50.
13.          Skobelev D.O., Muratova N.M., Zbitneva E.V., Kurilenko E.A., Zverkova N.V., Silitrina E.V. World practice of regulating the circulation of chemicals. Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States». Moscow, 2016. 275 p.
14.          Tsyb S.A., Skobelev D.O., Orlov A.Yu., Filatkin P.V., Muratova N.M., Chistyakov A.G., Zbitne­va E.V., Druzhinina N.A., Kurylenko E .A., Vinogrado­va E.N., Liashik A.M. Research and prospective planning of the practical implementation of inter­national and domestic experience in the field of regulation of the circulation of chemicals and their mixtures. Publishing House «Feather». Moscow, 2017. 216 p.
15.          Tsyb S.A., Skobelev D.O., Orlov A.Yu., Filatkin P.V., Chistyakov A.G., Muratova N.M. Prospects for the development of state regulation of chemicals. Chemical safety. 2018, volume 2, No. 1. pp. 5–21.
16.          Druzhinina N.A. Chemical industry, pay off in order! Chemical industry today. 2019, No. 1. pp. 56–59.
17.          Tsyb S.A., Skobelev D.O., Muratova N.M., Kostyleva V.M., Zhurba E.V. Information resources of UN member countries and international organizations in the field of chemical products and substances safety. Reference analytical review. Moscow, 2012.135 p.
18.          Vinogradova E.N., Liashik A.M., Reshe-tar O.A. Chemical Safety Data Sheet in Russia as part of the implementation of UN-GHS recommenda-tions. Differences and national characteristics. Chemical safety. 2017, Volume 1, No 1. pp. 266–276.
19.          Skobelev D.O., Vinogradova E.N., Reshetar O.A., Pleshivtseva T.S. Accompanying documentation for the transport of dangerous goods. Chemical safety. 2018, volume 2. No. 1. pp. 244–251.
20.          Filatkin P.V., Vinogradova E.N., Tkacheva D.A., Balyanov G.A., Muratova N.M. Technical regulation of chemical products: development of a hazard communication system. Chemical safety. 2018, volume 2, No. 2. pp. 323–335.
21.          Guseva T., Potapova E., Molchanova Ya., Tikhonova I., Begak M. Training Russian Practitioners in Best Available Techniques and Integrated Environmental Permits. In: Proceedings of the 18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM-2018. 2018, volume 18, issue 5.4. pp. 313–320.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2019-24-4-5-16


p. 17-19

Improving the Quality of Life of Citizens – the Final Goal of National Projects of the Russian Federation

A.G. Chistyakov, deputy director of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow
 
e-mail: info@ciscenter.org
 
The article is devoted to the history of the emergence and development of the concept of «quality of life», as well as the solution of the problem of improving the quality of life of Russians through the implementation of national strategic development projects.
 
Keywords: quality of life, indicators of quality of life, national projects.
 
References:
1.            Lebedeva L.S. «Quality of life»: key approaches and the structure of the concept. Monitoring of public opinion: journal. 2018, No. 4. P. 68–80. – DOI: 10.14515.
2.            Shinkarev S.S. The concept of «quality of life» in political science. Scientific and technical statements of St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University. Humanities and social sciences: journal. 2012. pp. 115–118.
3.            Ostropilova I.G., Venediktova S.K. Quality of life management. St. Petersburg State University of Economics and Finance. St. Petersburg, 2010. 104 p.
4.            Ushakov I.B. Quality of life and human health. Istoki. Moscow, 2005.130 p. – ISBN 55-88242-364-3.
5.            Salimova T. Quality of life in the context of the provisions of sustainable development. Standards and quality: magazine. 2014, No. 6. pp. 68–71.
6.            Evsina O.V. Quality of life in medicine is an important indicator of the patient’s health status. Personality in a changing world: health, adaptation, development: electronic journal. 2013. pp. 119–133.
7.            2019-02-18. Rating of Russian regions by quality of life. RIA Novosti (2019). Date of treatment June 23, 2019.
8.            Yagudina R.I., Kulikova A.Yu., Litvienko M.M. QALY: history, methodology and future of the method. Pharmacoeconomics: journal. 2010, vol. 3, No. 1. pp. 7–11.
9.            Spiridonov S.P. Indicators of quality of life and the methodology of their formation. Questions of modern science and practice: journal. 2010. pp. 208–223.
10.          Gripich A.I. Human development index as an indicator of quality of life. BSU Electronic Library (2018). Date of treatment June 5, 2019.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2019-24-4-17-19


INTERNATIONAL PRACTICE

p. 20-24

Modern Trends in the Field of International Regulation of Chemical Products

A. Liashik, Head of department of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow
 
e-mail: info@ciscenter.org
 
Today chemicals are considered at many international fora, including UN, OECD and APEC. These fora can offer the regulator and industry various tools for the sound management of chemical products in order to reduce the risks of negative impact on human health and the environment. In addition, international venues are aimed at harmonizing various requirements, including the GHS. Participation in these processes in the early stages, as well as the use of existing tools, could reduce non-tariff barriers to trade and reduce the costs of enterprises to obtain data on the properties of chemicals and their regulation.
 
Keywords: chemical products, chemical product regulation, international sites, OECD chemistry committee, UN, GHS, strategic approach to international chemicals management, APEC, Asia-Pacific international cooperation, Chemical dialogue.
 
References:
1.            Tsyb S.A., Skobelev D.O., Muratova N.M., Kostyleva V.M., Zhurba E.V. Information resources of UN member countries and international organizations in the field of chemical products and substances safety. Reference analytical review. Moscow, 2012.135 p.
2.            Skobelev D.O., Muratova N.M., Zbitneva E.V., Kurilenko E.A., Zverkova N.V., Silitrina E.V. World practice of regulating the circulation of chemicals. Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States». Moscow, 2016. 275 p.
3.            Tsyb S.A., Skobelev D.O., Orlov A.Yu., Filatkin P.V., Muratova N.M., Chistyakov A.G., Zbitneva E.V., Druzhinina N.A., Kurylenko E.A., Vinogradova E.N., Liashik A.M. Research and prospective planning of the practical implementation of international and domestic experience in the field of regulation of the circulation of chemicals and their mixtures. Publishing House «Pero». Moscow, 2017. 216 p.
4.            Report on the results of the first meeting of the intersessional process in the framework of the Strategic Approach and the sound management of chemicals and waste after 2020. Available at: http://www.saicm.org/Portals/12/documents/meetings/IP1/K1707024.pdf (accessed 19 of September 2019).
5.            Paper by the co-chairs of the intersessional process to review the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management and the Sound Management of Chemicals and Wastes after 2020. Available at: http://www.saicm.org/Portals/12/Documents/meetings/OEWG3/doc/OEWG3-4_r.pdf (accessed 19 of September 2019).
6.            Filatkin P.V., Tkacheva D.A., Vinogradova E.N., Pashkova A.N., Pleshivtseva T.S., Kuchina O.S. Revising the hazard classification of explosives as part of the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals. Chemical safety. 2018, volume 2, number 2. pp. 308–322.
7.            Explosives working group and GHS chapter 2.1 review group. Available at: https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2019/dgac10c4/UN-. SCEGHS... (accessed 19 of September 2019).
8.            Beginning of work in the field of concentration limits for the classification of mixtures as eye / irritant. Available at: https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2019/dgac10c4/UN-SCEGHS-37... (accessed 19 of September 2019).
9.            Potential to continue global listing. Available at:  https://www.unece.org/trans/main/dgdb/dgsubc4/c4inf37.html (accessed 19 of September 2019).

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2019-24-4-20-24


p. 25-30

Overview of Existing Information Systems in the Field of Regulation of Chemical Products Circulation

O.Yu. Zhukova, head of direction of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow
 
V.M. Kostyleva, Head of the chemical and petrochemical industry department of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow
 
e-mail: info@ciscenter.org; info@eipc.center
 
Today there are no national information systems that can solve the tasks of both industry and the regulator at the same time. This article describes the functional characteristics of various information systems that allow you to collect, store and process information about chemicals and chemical products.
 
Keywords: information systems, chemicals, chemical products, regulation of the circulation of chemical products.
 
References:
1.            Tsyb S.A., Skobelev D.O., Muratova N.M., Kostyleva V.M., Zhurba E.V. Information resources of UN member countries and international organizations in the field of safety of chemical products and substances. Reference analytical review. Moscow, 2012.
2.            State Standard 30333–2007 «Safety data sheet for chemical products. General requirements». Standartinform. Moscow, 2007.
3.            Globally Harmonized System of Classification of Hazards and Labeling of Chemical Products (GHS), 7th revised edition. United Nations. New York and Geneva, 2017.
4.            Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 of the European parliament and of the council of 16 December 2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, amending and repealing Directives 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC, and amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006. Official Journal of the European Union. 2008.
5.            Recommendations on the transport of dangerous goods. Model rules. Twentieth Revised Edition [Текст]. United Nations. New York and Geneva, 2017.
6.            LabWare LIMS. Available at: https://www.labware.ru/ (accessed 03 of October 2019).
7.            The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances. Available at: https://www.echemportal.org/ (accessed 03 of October 2019).
8.            ChemIDplus. A TOXNET DATABASE. Available at: https://chem.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/ (accessed 03 of October 2019).
9.            UL: Empowering Trust™. Available at: https://www.ul.com (accessed 03 of October 2019).

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2019-24-4-25-30


INTERNATIONAL PRACTICE

p. 31-36

Use of the Life Cycle Assessment Method for Waste and Secondary Resources Management

A.V. Derbenev, researcher of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow

I.S. Kuroshev, head of the department of Metallurgy, Oil and Gas, and Mining of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow
 
e-mail: info@ciscenter.org; info@eipc.center
 
The problem of improving the quality of life in the country as a whole and, in particular, the regions of Russia is an important strategic task at the present stage of social development. One of the most important indicators of this improvement could be the formation of global trends in the field of resource conservation and resource efficiency.
It seems that the greatest effect for the country’s economy will be obtained if rational resource management is successfully implemented in the field of industrial production. The rational use and reproduction of natural resources, preventing the negative impact of economic activity on the environment and ensuring environmental safety are preserved as inalienable requirements for industrial activity.
This article describes the processes of managing waste and secondary resources using such an environmental management tool as life cycle assessment.
 
Keywords: waste, secondary resources, life cycle assessment, resource efficiency, waste management.
 
References:
1.            Overview of product life cycle assessment methods and waste management systems. Available at: https://www.science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=6799 (accessed 19 of September 2019).
2.            State standard of Russian Federation GOST R ISO 14040-2010 Environmental management. Life cycle assessment. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/gost-r-iso-14040-2010 (accessed 19 of September 2019).
3.            State standard of Russian Federation GOST R ISO 14041-2000 Environmental management. Life cycle assessment. Definition of the purpose, field of study and inventory analysis. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200007259/ (accessed 19 of September 2019).
4.            State standard of Russian Federation GOST R ISO 14042-2001 Environmental Management. Life cycle assessment. Life Cycle Impact Assessment. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200028581 (accessed 19 of September 2019).
5.            State standard of Russian Federation GOST R ISO 14043-2001 Environmental Management. Life cycle assessment. Life Cycle Interpretation. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200028582/ (accessed 19 of September 2019).
6.            Liashik A.M. Greening production using life cycle assessment of chemical products. Materials of the IV International Conference «Actual scientific and scientific-technical problems of chemical safety.» Moscow, 2018. p. 189.
7.            Tulokhonova A.V., Ulanova O.V. Scenarios for waste management optimization. Municipal solid waste. 2012, No. 11. pp. 44–51.
8.            Lebedeva A.A., Dikinis A.V. Development of approaches to assessing the life cycle of production and consumption waste. Ecology of urban areas. 2011, No. 4. pp. 64–69.
9.            Ulanova O.V., Starostina V.Yu. Product life cycle assessment and waste management systems in the European Union. Ecology of production. 2012, No. 4. pp. 81–86.
10.          Tulokhonova A.V. Analysis of management scenarios for municipal solid waste in the city of Irkutsk based on the life cycle assessment method. Ecology of urban areas. 2012, No. 3. pp. 61–68.
11.          Tulokhonova A.V., Ulanova O. V. Application of the life cycle assessment methodology for analysis and comparison of the environmental impact of waste management systems. Ecological systems and devices. 2013, No. 6. pp. 3–10.
12.          Smirnova E.V., Permina E.A., Chumachenko P.Yu. Interactive decision support system for choos-ing household packaging based on life cycle analysis in environmental marketing. Safety in the technosphere. 2014, No. 1. pp. 63–69.
13.          Triboy T. I. Life cycle assessment of the production of thermal energy from Salix Viminalis L. biomass cod in Ukraine. Industrial heat engineering. 2018, volume 40, No. 2. pp. 56–64.
14.          Warangkana Sornil. Solid Waste Management Planning Using Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/271065957_Solid_Waste_Managemen... (accessed 19 of September 2019).

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2019-24-4-31-36


p. 37-46

Overview of Existing Mathematical Models for Estimating and Predicting Greenhouse Gas Emissions

A.M. Orlova, leading specialist of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow

O.V. Grevtsov, candidate of medical sciences, head of the department of standardization, methodology and evaluation of Best Available Technologies of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow
 
e-mail: info@ciscenter.org; info@eipc.center
 
This article reviews existing calculation models that are designed to estimate and predict greenhouse gas emissions.
 
Keywords: greenhouse gases, emissions, calculation model, mathematical model, energy efficiency, economic efficiency.
 
References:
1.            Guseva T., Shchelchkov K., Sanzharo­v­skiy A., Molchanova Y. Best available techniques, energy efficiency enhancement and carbon emis­sions reduction. Proceedings of the 19th Intrnational Multidisciplinary  Scientific  GEOConference  SGEM-2019. 2019. V. 19. pp. 63–70.
2.            Grevtsov O.V., Guseva T.V., Molchanova Ya.P., Tschelkov K.A. Energy efficiency and BAT: Russian and international approaches. Dairy industry. 2018. No. 11. pp. 24–26.
3.            Optimization Model for reducing Emissions of Greenhouse Gases from Automobiles (OMEGA). Available at: https://www.epa.gov/regulations-emissions-vehicles-and-engines/optimizat....
4.            EPA, OTAQ. EPA Optimization Model for Reducing Emissions of Greenhouse Gases from Automobiles (OMEGA). Core Model Version 1.4.56 – 2016.
5.            International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Available at: http://www.iiasa.ac.at/web/home/about/whatisiiasa/what_is_iiasa.html.
6.            The GAINS Model. Available at: http://www.iiasa.ac.at/web/home/research/researchPrograms/air/GAINS.html.
7.            Kyoto protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1997. Available at: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/kyoto.shtml.
8.            International Institute for Sustainability Analysis and Strategy (IINAS). Available at: http://iinas.org/about.html.
9.            GEMIS – Global Emissions Model for integrated Systems. Available at: http://iinas.org/gemis.html.
10.          GEMIS Database. Available at: http://iinas.org/database.html.
11.          Life-cycles in GEMIS. Available at: http://iinas.org/life-cycles.html.
12.          Fritsche U.R., Schmidt K. GEMIS Manual. Available at: http://www.iinas.org/tl_files/iinas/downloads/GEMIS/2008_g45_manual.pdf.
13.          UNEP DTU Partnership. The Greenhouse Gas Abatement Cost Model (GACMO). Available at: https://unepdtu.org/publications/the-greenhouse-gas-abatement-cost-model-gacmo.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2019-24-4-37-46


p. 47-58

Protocol on Emissions and Transfer of Pollutants. Implementation of Protocol Provisions in the International Community

E.N. Vinogradova, head of the department of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow

A.A. Bayunov, deputy head of Industrial ecology department of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow

G.A. Balyanov, head of direction of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow

A.F. Savina, specialist of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow
 
e-mail: info@ciscenter.org, info@eipc.center
 
This article discusses the Protocol on Pollutant release and transfer Registers (PRTRs), adopted in 2003 at an extraordinary session of the Meeting of the Parties to the Aarhus Convention; highlights the main elements and objectives of the PRTR Protocol; provides information on international cooperation promoting PRTRs. The article describes the best practices for conducting PRTRs using the case of the European Union, the USA, Australia and the Czech Republic.
 
Keywords: Aarhus Convention, Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (PRTRs), safe handling of chemical products, public information, information on pollutants.
 
References:
1.            Article. Around the world, 9 out of 10 people breathe polluted air. World Health Organization. Available at: https://www.who.int/en/news-room/detail/02-05-2018-9-out-of-10-people-wo....
2.            Environmental Policy. Geneva: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. Available at: https://www.unece.org/env/welcome.html.
3.            Stack C., Casey-Lefkowitz C., Endrosk E. Aarhus Convention. Implementation Guide. CE / CEP / 72. Economic Commission for Europe. New York, Geneva, 2000.257 p.
4.            Your right to a healthy society. Simplified guidance to the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers. ECE / MP.PP / 8. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. New York, Geneva, 2011. 21 p.
5.            DRAFT PROTOCOL ON POLLUTANT RELEASE AND TRANSFER REGISTERS TO THE AARHUS CONVENTION ON ACCESS TO INFORMATION, PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN DECISION-MAKING AND ACCESS TO JUSTICE IN ENVIRONMENTAL MATTERS. submitted by the Working Group on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers through the Ad Hoc Working Group of Senior Officials. MP.PP/2003/1. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. Kiev, 2003. 119 p.
6.            PRTR Global map. Geneva: UNECE, 2016. Available at: https://prtr.unece.org/prtr-global-map.
7.            Protocol on pollutant release and transfer registers. Available at: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_ conv/conventions/pdf/27_13ar.pdf.
8.            Convention on long-range transboundary air pollution (CLRTAP). Moscow: Meteorological Synthesizing Center-east (MSC-B). Available at: http://www.ru.msceast.org/index.php/general-information/konventsiya.
9.            United nations framework Convention on climate change. Geneva: UN. Available at: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/climate_framework_....
10.          PRTR around the Globe. UNECE, 2016. Available at: https://prtr.unece.org/prtr-around-the-globe.
11.          European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR). European Environment Agency (EEA). Available at: https://prtr.eea.europa.eu/#/home.
12.          EnviroAtlas. EPA. Available at: https://enviroatlas.epa.gov/enviroatlas/interactivemap.
13.          About NationalMap. Digital Transformation Agency, Department of Communications and Arts, and CSIRO, 2014-2018. Available at: https://nationalmap.gov.au/about.html.
14.          Arnika: O nás. Praga: Arnika, 2014. Available at: https://arnika.org/o-nas-2.
15.          Web application. Available at: www.znecistatele.cz.        

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2019-24-4-47-58


NATIONAL PRACTICES 

p. 59-65

The Development of the National Chemical Safety System for the Industry of the Russian Federation as Part of the National Chemical and Biological Safety System of the Russian Federation

D.O. Skobelev, candidate of economic sciences, director of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow

A.G. Chistyakov, deputy director of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow

N.M. Muratova, candidate of chemical sciences, deputy director of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow
 
e-mail: info@eipc.center, info@ciscenter.org
 
The article describes a set of measures that are subordinate to a single concept of work aimed at solving certain urgent problems and designed to ensure the formation of a national system for ensuring the chemical safety of the industry of the Russian Federation as an integral part of the National system of chemical and biological safety of the Russian Federation.
 
Keywords: National system of chemical and biological safety of the Russian Federation, chemical threats, chemical risks, state regulation measures, national system of ensuring chemical safety of the industry of the Russian Federation.
 
References:
1.            Decree of the President of the Russian Federation dated March 11, 2019 No. 97 «On the Fundamentals of state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of ensuring chemical and biological safety for the period up to 2025 and beyond».
2.            Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of May 07, 2018 No. 204 «On national goals and strategic objectives of the development of the Russian Federation for the period until 2024».
3.            Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of March 19, 2014 No. 398-r «On a set of measures aimed at abandoning the use of obsolete and inefficient technologies, transferring to the principles of the best available technologies and introducing modern technologies».
4.            Federal Law of December 31, 2014 No. 488-FZ «On industrial policy in the Russian Federation».
5.            Convention on the prohibition of the development, production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons and on their Destruction. Paris, 1993.
6.            Transcript of a speech by President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin to participants in the plenary meeting of the 70th anniversary session of the UN General Assembly, New York, September 28, 2015.
7.            Decision of the Council of the Eurasian Economic Commission dated March 3, 2017 No. 19 «On the technical regulation of the Eurasian Economic Union« On the safety of chemical products».
8.            Transcript of a speech by the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin to the participants of the II Global Summit on Production and Industrialization (GMIS), July 9, 2019, Ekaterinburg.
9.            Federal target program «National system of chemical and biological safety of the Russian Federation (2015–2020)».
10.          Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of July 25, 2015 No. 757 «On the procedure for the creation, operation and improvement of the state information system of industry».
11.          Skobelev D.O., Muratova N.M., Zbitneva E.V., Kurilenko E.A., Zverkova N.V., Silitrina E.V. World practice of regulating the circulation of chemicals. Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States». Moscow, 2016. 275 p.
12.          Tsyb S.A., Skobelev D.O., Orlov A.Yu., Filatkin P.V., Muratova N.M., Chistyakov A.G., Zbitneva E.V., Druzhinina N.A., Kurylenko E .A., Vinogradova E.N., Liashik A.M. Research and prospective planning of the practical implementation of international and domestic experience in the field of regulation of the circulation of chemicals and their mixtures. Pero Publishing House. Moscow, 2017. 216 p.
13.          Tsyb S.A., Skobelev D.O., Orlov A.Yu., Filat-kin P.V., Chistyakov A.G., Muratova N.M. Prospects for the development of state regulation of chemicals. Chemical safety. 2018, volume 2, No. 1. pp. 5–21.
14.          Skobelev D.O., Chechevatova O.Yu., Guse­-va T.V. Competence-oriented management of expert groups in the field of BAT. Competence. 2017. No. 5(146). pp. 12–17.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2019-24-4-59-65


p. 66-69

Estimates of Resource Efficiency of Industrial Production. Encyclopedia of Technology

D.O. Skobelev, candidate of economic sciences, director of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow
 
M.V. Dobrokhotova, deputy director of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow

I.S. Kuroshev, head of the department of metallurgy, oil and gas and mining of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow
 
e-mail: info@eipc.center
 
This article discusses the resource efficiency of production processes, identifies the main causes of insufficiently effective management in the field of resource conservation and resource efficiency of production in the Russian Federation.
 
Keywords: resource conservation; resource efficiency, technology encyclopedia.
 
References:
1.            Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of May 13, 2017 No. 208 «On the strategy of economic security of the Russian Federation for the period until 2030».
2.            Skobelev D.O., Chechevatova O.Yu., Guseva T.V. Competent-oriented management of expert groups in the field of BAT. Competence. 2017. No. 5(146). pp. 12–17.
3.            Skobelev D.O. Technology evolution and change management. Management in Russia and abroad. 2019.No 2. pp. 2–14.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2019-24-4-66-69


p. 70-74

Inventory of Chemicals as the Basis for the Formation of the National Part of the Register of Chemicals and Mixtures

N.A. Druzhinina, head of Direction of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow

E.V. Silitrina, senior engineer of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow
 
e-mail: info@ciscenter.org; info@eipc.center
 
In March of this year, the Government of the Russian Federation approved a schedule of activities aimed at preparing for the implementation of the technical regulation of the Eurasian Economic Union «On the safety of chemical products» in the Russian Federation. One of the most important stages of preparation will be an inventory of chemicals. This article describes the inventory as the first stage in the formation of the register of chemicals and mixtures of the Union, and also emphasizes the importance of the participation of industry in this process.
 
Keywords: inventory, TR EAEU 041/2017, register of chemicals and mixtures of the Union, regulation of the circulation of chemical products.
 
References:
1.            Technical Regulation of the Eurasian Economic Union «On the safety of chemical products» (TR EAEU 041/2017), adopted by decision of the Council of the Eurasian Economic Commission dated March 3, 2017 No. 19.
2.            Draft council decision «On the formation and maintenance of a register of chemicals and mixtures of the Eurasian Economic Union, notification of new chemicals and amendments to the dicision of the council of the Eurasian Economic Commission dated March 3, 2017 No. 19.
3.            Draft Procedure for the formation and maintenance of a register of chemicals and mixtures of the Eurasian Economic Union.
4.            Draft Procedure for the notification of new chemicals.
5.            Druzhinina N.A. Activities in preparation for the implementation of the EAEU technical regulation «On the safety of chemical products». Materials of the IV International Conference «Actual scientific and scientific-technical problems of chemical safety.» Moscow, 2018. p.159.
6.            Druzhinina N.A. Chemical industry. Calculate in order! Scientific and technical journal «Chemical industry today». No. 1/2019. pp. 56–59.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2019-24-4-70-74


p. 75-78

Legal Issues of Involving Waste in Economic Circulation in the Current Legislation

L.V. Guz, managing partner of LEXAR Pro LLC; Moscow

I.B. Petrov, Leading lawyer of LEXAR Pro LLC; Moscow

M.V. Dobrokhotova, deputy director of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow

I.S. Kuroshev, head of the department of metallurgy, oil and gas and mining of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow
 
e-mail: info@lexarpro.ru, info@eipc.center
 
This article discusses the issue of involving industrial waste in economic circulation, as well as the main methods of their use in the framework of the legislation of the Russian Federation.
 
Keywords: resource saving; resource efficiency.
 
References:
1.            Civil Code of the Russian Federation (Part One) dated November 30, 1994 No. 51-FZ.
2.            Federal Law of June 24, 1998 No. 89-FZ On production and consumption wastes.
3.            Order of the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia dated 05.08.2014 No. 349 «On approval of the Methodological Instructions for the development of draft standards for the generation of waste and limits for their disposal».
4.            Order of Rosprirodnadzor of May 22, 2017 No. 242 «On approval of the Federal classification catalog of wastes».
5.            AC 029-2014 (NACE Rev. 2). The All-Russian Classifier of Types of Economic Activities », approved by order of Rosstandart dated January 31, 2014 No. 14-st.
6.            AC 034-2014 (CPA 2008). All-Russian classifier of products by type of economic activity », approved by order of Rosstandart dated January 31, 2014 No. 14-st).

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2019-24-4-75-78 


p. 79-84

QSAR Opportunities in Computer Modeling of the Chemical Structure-Properties Interrelation

A.V. Derbenev, researcher of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow
 
e-mail: info@ciscenter.org
 
Currently, it is noted that the analysis and identification of the hazardous properties of new chemicals is widely in demand in various industries. Laboratory research (testing) of new chemicals is quite expensive and, taking into account the intensification of the chemical industry and experts’ forecasts on the synthesis of more than 300 million new chemicals over the next 30 years, the problem of finding affordable and quick methods to identify the properties of unstudied chemicals is more than ever relevant. The use of alternative methods for testing chemical products allows not only to avoid in vivo tests (on living organisms), which are less humane than in vitro methods, but also to reduce the cost of such tests.
One of the alternative research methods is the method of searching for quantitative relations of the structure-property of QSAR. So, for example, using the OECD software QSAR Toolbox, developed on the basis of the aforementioned method, it is possible to predict properties both at a qualitative level (for example, whether a chemical substance will have one or another type of effect on the body) and at a quantitative level (prediction of numerical property values).
Thus, the aim of the article is to study the capabilities of the OECD QSAR Toolbox software in terms of the problem of finding affordable and quick methods for identifying the properties of unexplored chemicals in the framework of Russian legislation.
 
Keywords: QSAR, structure-property, alternative tests, QSAR Toolbox, state registration of the TR EAEU 041/2017.
 
References:
1.            TR EAEU 041/2017. Technical regulation of the Eurasian Economic Union «On the safety of chemical products». Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_216966/ (accessed 02 of October 2019).
2.            State Standard 30333-2007. Safety data sheet for chemical products. General requirements. Available at: http://www.testprom.ru/img_user/razdel-pasport-bezopasnosti/gost-30333-2... (accessed 02 of October 2019).
3.            State Standard 31340-2013 Warning labeling of chemical products. General requirements. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200107846 (accessed 02 of October 2019).
4.            The official OECD QSAR Toolbox software website in English. Available at: https://qsartoolbox.org (accessed 02 of October 2019).
5.            Project «Recommendations for standardization. Guidelines for grouping similar chemicals into toxicologically relevant categories to address toxicity information gaps using the OECD QSAR Toolbox software».
6.            Tutorials for working with QSAR Toolbox software in English. Available at: http://oasis-lmc.org/products/software/toolbox/toolbox-support.aspx (accessed 02 of October 2019).

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2019-24-4-79-84


p. 85-87

Ecological Declaration as an Instrument of Support of Export of Russian Products

A. Liashik, Head of department of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow

A.V. Derbenev, researcher of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow
 
e-mail: info@ciscenter.org
 
Various multilateral environmental agreements and the their requirements can create an environment that obstruct the export of domestic products. So there is a need to select a tool todemonstrate the environmental characteristics of domestic products and increase its competitiveness. The tool must be known and recognized abroad. An environmental product declaration may be such a tool.
 
Keywords: environmental declaration, export, competitiveness, product life cycle, environmental impact assessment.
 
References:
1.            Sustainable development goals. Available at:  https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/ru/sustainable-development-goals/ (accessed 19 of September 2019).
2.            State standard of Russian Federation GOST R ISO 14025-2012 «Environmental declarations of type III. Principles and Procedures. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200102928 (accessed 19 of September 2019).
3.            Liashik A.M. Greening production using life cycle assessment of chemical products. Materials of the IV International Conference «Actual Scientific and Scientific-Technical Problems of Chemical Safety.» Moscow, 2018. p. 189.
4.            Regulation (EU) No 305/2011 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32011R0305 (accessed 19 of September 2019).
5.            International environmental declaration system (The International EPD® System). Available at: https://www.environdec.com.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2019-24-4-85-87


p. 88-92

Increasing the Efficiency of Access to Information on the Dangers of Chemical Products Based on the Safety data Sheets of the Chemical Products of the Russian and cis

A.D. Lebedev, specialist of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow

T.S. Lyubinskaya, specialist of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow
 
e-mail: info@ciscenter.org
 
The article considers the main goals and objectives of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation «On the fundamentals of the state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of ensuring chemical and biological safety for the period up to 2025 and beyond», describes possible ways to solve these problems, namely, to increase public awareness of the dangers of chemical products based on existing tools of the Register of Safety Data Sheets.
 
Keywords: safety data sheet, SDS, verification of safety data sheets, safe handling of chemical products, hazard communication, chemical safety, data verification, bar code, QR code, reference book.
 
References:
1.            Decree of the President of the Russian Federation. On the Fundamentals of the state policy of the Russian Federation in the field of ensuring chemical and biological safety for the period up to 2025 and the future. Moscow, Kremlin, March 11, 2019, No. 97.
2.            Putin S.B., Samarin V.D. Integrated chemical safety system in Russia. Theoretical foundations and principles of construction. «Engineering». Moscow, 2010.
3.            Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Database. Available at: https://www.cas.org/ (accessed 18 of September 2019)
4.            Sinitsyn V.V., Tatarinov V.V., Prus Yu.V., Kirsa­nov A.A. Statistics of road transport of dangerous goods and incidents.
5.            Ivankov V.V., Tsyb S.A. Analysis of the problem of ensuring chemical safety of the Russian Federation. Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia.
6.           Starikova  E.N.,  Liashik  A.M., Sudarkina E.S. Chemical safety data sheet in Russia as part of the implementation of UN-GHS recommendations. Assessment of compliance with the legal framework and state registration in order to reduce the negative impact of chemicals on human health and the environment. Materials of the III Russian conference «Actual scientific and scientific-technical problems of ensuring the chemical safety of Russia». Moscow, 2016.
7.            Vinogradova  E.N.,  Liashik  A.M.,  Reshetar O.A. Chemical safety data sheet in Russia as part of the implementation of UN-GHS recommendations. Differences and national characteristics. Chemical safety. 2017, volume 1, No. 1. pp. 266–276.
8.            Skobelev D.O., Vinogradova E.N., Reshetar O.A., Pleshivtseva T.S. Accompanying documentation for the transport of dangerous goods. Chemical safety. 2018, volume 2, No. 1. pp. 244–251.
9.            Philatkin P.V., Vinogradova E.N., Tkacheva D.A., Balyanov G.A., Muratova N.M. Technical regulation of chemical products: development of a hazard communication system. Chemical safety. 2018, volume 2, No. 2. pp. 323–335.
10.          State Standard of Russian Federation GOST R ISO 14040-99 Environmental management. Life cycle assessment. Principles and structure.
11.          State Standard of Russian Federation 50587-93 Safety Data Sheet for a substance (material). The main provisions. Information on ensuring safety in the production, use, storage, transportation, disposal (adopted as an interstate standard GOST 30333-95).
12.          Wikipedia Bar code. Available at: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A8%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%85%D0%BE%D0%B2.... (accessed 18 of September 2019).
13.          Wikipedia QR code. Available at: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/QR-%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B4#%D0%9E%D0%B1%D1%89%D...(accessed  18  of September 2019).

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2019-24-4-88-92


p. 93-96

Implementation of the Global Chemical Product Management Strategy (GPS)

O.V. Grevtsov, candidate of medical sciences, head of the department of standardization, methodology and evaluation of Best Available Technologies of Federal State Autonomous Body Research «Environmental Industrial Policy Centre»; Moscow

E.E. Gruzdev, candidate of medical sciences, head of the department of development and implementation of information technologies of the Federal state budgetary educational institution of higher education «Ryazan state medical university named after Academician I.P. Pavlova» Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation; Moscow

O.Yu. Zhukova, head of direction of the Association «Nonprofit partnership Coordination and Information center of the CIS Member States»; Moscow
 
e-mail: info@eipc.center, info@ciscenter.org
 
Chemical manufacturers are responsible for the safe use of their products and for their impact on the environment and human health. The rapid pace of development of the chemical industry and related industrial sectors with the involvement of new production volumes in this process requires the control of products and the development of a unified approach to its regulation both by the regulator and the manufacturer.
The proposed article analyzes the current state of regulation of the main aspects of risk assessment and risk management during the circulation of chemical products in the Russian Federation and suggests approaches to assessing, monitoring and managing the risks of exposure to chemical products throughout its entire life cycle, taking into account the unified principles, procedures and mechanisms operating in other countries, including OECD member states.
 
Keywords: global product management strategy, report, risk assessment, products, chemical safety.
 
References:
1.            Decree of the President of the Russian Federation dated May 12, 2009 No. 537 «On approval of the National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation until 2020.»
2.            Federal Law of June 28, 2014 No. 172-FZ «On Strategic Planning in the Russian Federation».
3.            The fundamentals of state policy in the field of ensuring the chemical and biological safety of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2025 and beyond (approved by the President of the Russian Federation of 01.11.2013 No. Pr-2573).
4.            Federal Law of December 27, 2002 No. 184-FZ «On Technical Regulation» (as amended by federal laws).
5.            Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of October 07, 2016 No. 1019 «On the technical regulation on the safety of chemical products».
6.            Stockholm convention on Persistent organic, amended, pollutants (POP). Published by the secretariat of the Stockholm convention on persistent organic pollutants in May 2018.
7.            TR EAEU 041/2017 Technical regulation of the Eurasian economic union «On the safety of chemical products». Adopted by the decision of the council of the Eurasian economic commission dated March 3, 2017 No. 19.
8.            Guidelines of the International council of chemical associations for chemical risk assessment «Global product management strategy», 2010.
9.            Guidelines for Exposure Assessment. EPA/600/Z-92/001.
10.          Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment. EPA/630/P-03/001F.
11.          O.V. Grevtsov. Reducing the risks of the negative impact of hazardous chemicals on the environment and human health. Materials of the IV International conference «Actual scientific and scientific-technical problems of chemical safety». Moscow, 2018. p. 159.
12.          O.Yu. Chechevatova, O.V. Grevtsov. Legal aspects of risk assessment and management for human health and the environment in the handling of chemical products in Russia. World standards No. 4(85). May 2014. pp. 3–7.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2019-24-4-93-96