"Quality and Life" № 4(32) 2021

Main theme: 
Reporting and election conference of the Academy of Quality Problems

Release date: 

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с. 3-7

Establishing Conditions for Improving the Services of Conformity Assessment Bodies in the Voluntary Sphere Via Self-Regulation

G.N. Ivanova, PhD in Economics, General Director Deputy of the Certification Association «Russian Register»; St. Petersburg

e-mail: ivanovarustest@gmail.com

A.V. Soldatova, Director of the Autonomous Non-Profit Organisation of Additional Professional Education «RSSP»; Moscow

The publication deals with the certification service quality problem. Ways to reduce the risks for consumers and producers of such services are proposed.

Keywords: standardisation, certification, risks, self-regulatory organisations, operating efficiency.


с. 8-15

The Potential of Digital Technology to Improve Quality of Life

E.V. Shirinkina, PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Management and Business, Surgut State University; Surgut

e-mail: shirinkina86@yandex.ru

The relevance of the study is due to the fact that we are on the verge of major changes and few of us are truly ready for them. Once, globalization and technological progress have significantly transformed our way of life and work, now increasing life expectancy is bringing similarly significant changes to them. In the article, the author presents the challenges for all economic entities: population, business and the state. The purpose of this work is to study the impact of digital technologies on the quality of life. The empirical basis of the study is the work of London Business School Linda Gratton and Andrew Scott in the book «The 100-year life».  The author in the article presents new life stages in the conditions of longevity. The practical significance of the research results lies in the fact that, taking into account the challenges and demands of the modern world and technological progress, it will make it possible to come to an understanding of the need to develop a strategy for restructuring the traditional way of life, which is a non-trivial task that requires significant changes from individuals, companies, government institutions and society as a whole.

Keywords: digital technologies, quality of life, longevity, personality development, challenges, lifestyle, assessment, impact.

с. 16-21

Stochastic Simulation of the Functional Variability of the Pareto Diagram Based on the Analysis of a Scaling Factor

A.A. Barzov, Doctor in Engineering, Professor, Leading Research Officer of the Centre for Hydrophysical Research at the Physics Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University; Moscow

V.M. Korneeva, Doctor in Engineering, Associate Professor, Professor of Metrology and Interchangeability Department at the Bauman Moscow State Technical University; President of the Qualimetry Department of the Academy for Quality Problems; Moscow

e-mail: v_korneeva@list.ru

S.S. Korneev, PhD in Engineering, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Rocket and Space Engineering Technologies at the Bauman Moscow State Technical University; Moscow

The authors propose a functionally formalized representation of a well-known in the theory of quality management the Pareto diagram by exponentially stochastic models derived from the use of the mechanism of studying the role of scaling factor in the analysis of different nature problems. The possibility of deterministic specification of the Pareto diagram structure and its integral-cumulative modification by using the weighted sum method as an important component of qualimetry has been shown. The development perspective of the proposed stochastic approach by simulation modeling methods is noted.

Keywords: Pareto diagram, stochastic simulation, scaling factor, exponentially probabilistic models.

с. 22-26

Issues of Implementing Environmental Management Systems  in Aerospace Enterprises

A.E. Sorokin, PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Ecology, Life Support Systems and Life Safety at the Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Moscow

E.E. Galkina, PhD in Economics, Associate Professor of the Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Moscow

e-mail: mai503@yandex.ru

M.I. Daynov, PhD in Engineering, Professor of the Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Moscow

A.V. Goncharova, Student of the Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Moscow

V.A. Desna, Student of the Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Moscow

The International Organisation for Stand­ardisation develops standards for management systems to help enterprises improve their management efficiency, among them are environmental management system standards; but unfortunately, not all enterprises having implemented environmental management systems confirm that the implementation of the system has improved the enterprise’s environmental efficiency. This is mostly explained by errors made in the systems’ design. The study examines the problems arising at enterprises during the development and implementation of environmental management systems, and approaches to solving these problems.

Keywords: Environmental management system (EMS), efficiency of Environmental management system (EMS), problems of development and implementation of EMS, personnel involvement, strategic planning.

с. 27-33

Algorithm for Risk Significance Assessment

L.V. Borisova, Doctor of Engineering, Professor, Head of the Department of Management and Business Technologies, Don State Technical University; Corresponding Member of Academy of Quality Problems; Rostov-on-Don

I.N. Nurutdinova, PhD in Physics and Mathematics, Associate Professor at the Department of Applied Mathematics, Don State Technical University; Rostov-on-Don

e-mail: nurut.inna@yandex.ru

L.A. Dimitrova, Senior Lecturer at the Department of Quality Management, Don State Technical University; Rostov-on-Don

A.S. Fedchenko, Master’s student at the Don State Technical University; Rostov-on-Don

The task of assessing the significance of risk in the work of testing laboratories is considered. The requirement to introduce risk management in the organisation of their activities is contained in the laboratory accreditation criteria. The existence of a risk management system allows to predict risk situations and to take measures to minimize their consequences, contributes to the competitiveness of the laboratory. The introduction of an optimal risk management process is an urgent task for testing laboratories. In order to solve it, an expert system, based on fuzzy modelling of the output of risk significance assessment, is proposed. This approach is justified by the expert nature of information about risk parameters, subjectivity and uncertainty in their assessments. We develop an algorithm for assessing the significance of risk and the general functioning scheme of the expert system. It defines groups of input attributes and output attribute of the subject area «Risk Significance Assessment», and introduces relevant linguistic variables. The belonging functions are constructed, the characteristics of the consistency of expert models are obtained. Fuzzy expert knowledge base is created, on which the fuzzy logical output of risk significance assessment is based. The proposed algorithm for assessing the significance of risk has been tested, confirming its suitability and effectiveness to create an expert system.

Keywords: risk management, expert system, fuzzy expert knowledge, linguistic variable, membership function, consistency indicators, fuzzy logical inference.


с. 34-41

Scientific and Technological Development and Management of Security Culture Changes

B.V. Boitsov, Doctor in Engineering, Professor, Research Supervisor of the Department 104 Technological Design and Quality Management at the Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); First Vice-President of the Academy of Quality Problems; Moscow

T.V. Shepitko, Doctor in Engineering, Professor, Director of the Institute of Track, Construction and Structures of the Russian University of Transport (RUT MIIT); Moscow

I.Yu. Grunin, Expert of the Moscow Chamber of Control and Accounts and the Moscow Chamber of Commerce and Industry, forensic construction and technical expert; corresponding member of the Academy of Quality Problems; Moscow

L.V. Balanovsky, Head of the Division at the Research and Engineering Enterprise «Informzaschita» JSC; Corresponding Member of the Academy of Quality Problems; Moscow

V.L. Balanovsky, President of the Integrated Safety Department at the Academy of Quality Problems; Moscow

e-mail: tishkova_l_f@inbox.ru

V.V. Denisov, PhD in Military Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Integrated Security and Special Programmes at the Russian Academy of Transport (RUT MIIT); Moscow

N.V. Nikolaeva, Programme Director of the Security Technologies International Forum; Moscow

V.M. Podjakonov, PhD in History, Research Officer of the Research Department (Military and Humanitarian Studies) at the Military University of the Russian Ministry of Defence, member of the RAS Commission on Technogenic Safety; Moscow

K.D. Yamanov, Director of the Government Sector Department at the Research and Engineering Enterprise «Informzaschita» JSC; Moscow

This publication deals with the challenges of implementing security culture when forming security systems at industrial, transport and communications facilities, taking into account the specifics of unlawful interference acts

Keywords: objects of industry, transport, communications, quality management, safety culture.

с. 42-46

Set of Goals when Creating a Digital Library of Standards

T.V. Kazantseva, senior lecturer and graduate student, Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin (UrFU); Yekaterinburg

M.A. Polyakova, Doctor in Engineering, Professor, G.I. Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University; Chelyabinsk Region, Magnitogorsk

N.K. Kazantseva, PhD in Engineering, Associate Professor, Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin (UrFU); Yekaterinburg

e-mail: nkazan@yandex.ru

G.A. Tkachuk, Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin (UrFU); Yekaterinburg

V.A. Aleksandrov, PhD in Engineering, Associate Professor, Ural State Agrarian University; Yekaterinburg

In the context of the emerging digital economy, the requirements for digital standardisation are being formed. Informatization and connectedness are the main elements of the digitalization stage preceding digital economy. It is informatization and connectedness that are capable of preparing digital duplicates of real objects and processes for operation in digital economy conditions. Creation of a digital library of standards is an objective requirement at the stage of transition to the digital economy. On the basis of theoretical foundations of standardization and functional analysis of the situation the authors formulated a set of goals to be achieved in the creation of a digital library of standards. Such a library should provide the user with full relevant and reliable information contained in the standards for a given issue or a particular area of activity.

Keywords: digital economy, digitalization, informatization, connectivity, digital library of standards.

с. 47-52

Water Quality Provided by Regional Watercourses: Case Study of Kaluga Region

V.P. Marin, Doctor in Engineering, Professor, Moscow Institute of Radio Engineering, Electronics and Automation – Russian Technological University; Moscow

e-mail: fn2kf@list.ru

A.D. Molodyk, PhD in Chemistry, Research Consultant, Ekoanalitika LLC; Kaluga

G.B. Lunkina, PhD in Engineering, Expert, Ekoanalitika LLC; Kaluga

I.V. Manshina, General Director of Ekoanalitika LLC; Kaluga

R.R. Shoshina, PhD in Biology, Senior Research Officer, Ekoanalitika LLC; Kaluga

A.V. Chelenko, PhD in Engineering, Associate Professor of the Department of Production Organisation and Management at Bauman Moscow State Technical University (NRU); Kaluga

The publication proposes an approach to determining the quality of natural water based on the monitoring results of surface water objects. In practice, it is proposed to use the monitoring data of estuaries and boundary section lines of watercourses, rivers, characterizing the current ecological system, which accumulates the natural impacts on the watercourse and the biological processes occurring in it along their entire length. Selection of section lines for determining regional background concentrations in the aquatic environment was based on calculations of the specific combinatorial water pollution index (SCWPI) by regional anthropogenic indicators with subsequent exclusion from consideration of anthropogenically polluted sections. For substantiation of the proposed approach an array of three-year measurement data of estuary section lines of Kaluga region 48 rivers was used, 30 rivers with no evident signs of anthropogenic pollution in estuaries were selected. The results of the studies showed that the background concentrations of all the controlled substances in various water courses are rather similar. Average regional background concentrations calculated in this study for small rivers are also given. The results of the research can be used to determine regional water quality standards for watercourses and to develop regional standards for permissible impacts on water objects.

Keywords: regional background concentrations, regional natural background of watercourses, specific combinatorial water pollution index, norms of acceptable impact, norms of acceptable discharge.



с. 53-58

The Pilot Psychophysiological Characteristics Effect on the Reliability and Safety of an Air Transport System  when Performing Low Velocity Flight Modes

A.I. Resinets, PhD in Military Science, Associate Professor of the Helicopter Design Department at the Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Moscow

e-mail: k102@mai.ru

A.A. Resinets, Engineer of the Aircraft Design and Certification Department at the Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Moscow

The article deals with issues of direct dependence of reliability of air transport system operation and flight safety on the level of pilot’s nervous-emotional tension while performing flights at extremely low speeds and altitudes.

Keywords: pilot, helicopter, aviation personnel, air transport system, flight simulator, training, retraining.

с. 59-62

Influence of Pendulum Oscillation Plane on Total Angular Guidance Error

A.A. Sushchenko, PhD in Engineering, Associate Professor, Senior Lecturer of the Department 109b at Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Rostov region, Taganrog

e-mail: churochkina@beriev.com

A significant feature of hydroaviation is the ability of the aircraft to perform a number of tasks while afloat. In the presence of seawaves an aircraft can experience pitching in longitudinal and transverse directions, which must be taken into account, in autopilot system devices containing tilt sensors. In this article a model of differential oscillation sensors is considered: a beam differential model, a closed differential stick model and two options of practical implementation. The differential equation of motion of an angular pointing mechanism pendulum part has one degree of freedom and is defined by a generalized coordinates.
Physical and mathematical models of uniaxial oscillations and related to it pendulum sensors of heel or pitch, analyzed in the article, allow introducing constants, reflecting displacement of the suspension point, into calculation formulas. The resulting calculated constants allow the minimum errors of the sensors to be obtained when they are displaced by the maximum values from the centre of mass of the hydroplane’s boat.

Keywords: model, hydroaviation, uniaxial oscillations, autopilot system devices, points of suspension.

с. 62-69

Polymeric Film Materials with Adhesive Layer for External and Internal Marking of Aircraft Structures (Overview)

B.V. Boitsov, Doctor of Engineering, Professor, Research Supervisor of Department 104 of Technological Design and Quality Management in Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); First Vice-President of Academy of Quality Problems; Moscow

G.N. Kravchenko, PhD in Engineering, Associate Professor, Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Moscow

e-mail: gnkrav@mail.ru

S.A. Medvedev, Senior Lecturer, Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Moscow

Products made of polymeric film materials with a sticky layer are used to mark aircrafts in the aeronautical industry and in air transportation. The main factors on the basis of which it has become rational to replace paint and varnish materials with polymeric films are outlined. Aspects of the formation of the regulatory framework for their application in the aviation industry and aircraft companies are touched upon.

Keywords: polymeric adhesive film material, self-adhesive polymeric film, aircraft marking, aircraft exteriors and interiors, advertising on aircrafts, finishing coatings, sticker (application), stencil/paint mask, protective polymeric film coating, paintwork coatings, polymeric composite materials, polymeric film coating.


с. 70-77

Providing Long-Term Quality of Dome Structures Based on the Use of Mesh High-Resource Design and Power Patterns

O.S. Dolgov, Doctor in Engineering, Professor, Director of Institute No.1 at Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Moscow

e-mail: dolgov@mai.ru

T.V. Dolgova, PhD in Engineering, Associate Professor of the Department 101 at the Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Moscow

A.M. Kolpakov, PhD in Engineering, Research Officer of Department 101, Assistant Professor of Department 104 at the Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Moscow

V.V. Korolskiy, Engineer of NIO-101 at the Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Moscow

A complex approach to the long-term quality of structures by means of mesh high-resource design and power patterns in the design of new structures in hard-to-reach areas with difficult construction and operating conditions is proposed in the publication. Two types of structural-force patterns of hemispherical dome structures are considered, the results of their stress-strain state analysis are given.

Keywords: long-term quality, design and power pattern, geodesic dome, finite element method, stress-strain state, meshed shells.

с. 77-81

Ensuring Smooth Rotation of Reduction Gear Assembly

A.B. Karpenko, Head of Special Design Bureau of Instrument Engineering and Automation, JSC SKB; Vladimir region, Kovrov

e-mail: karpenkoab@mail.ru

Method allowing to considerably reduce dependence of rotation smoothness due to these reasons is offered. The results of experimental studies of smoothness of reduction gear rotation, including the results of vibration parameters measurement, are presented. The method proposed in the study makes it possible to assess the smoothness of the reduction gear rotation and to eliminate the causes of its vibration.

Keywords: reduction gear, gear drive, rotation smoothness.


с. 82-87

Study of the Impact on the Polymer Composites Structure with X-ray Computed Tomography Method

V.I. Bekhmetyev, PhD in Engineering, Associate Professor; the Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Moscow

e-mail: wiat109@yandex.ru

N.I. Fokin, Senior Lecturer; the Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU); Moscow

Experimental study results of the effects of impact forces upon the distribution of internal defects in polymer composites are presented.

Keywords: impact, tomography, composites, stratification, scanning, histogram.