"Quality and Life" № 1(9) 2016

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Quality management

Development of the quality management theory for  the purpose of ensuring sustainable development  and enhancing quality of life

G.N. Ivanova, candidate of economics, senior lecturer, deputy general director of FBI «Test-St.Petersburg»; St. Petersburg
e-mail: ivanovarustest@gmail.com
V.V. Okrepilov, candidate of economics, stuff member of SC  ROSTEKH; St. Petersburg
I.G. Okrepilova, doctor of economics, professor, director of LLC «Test-St.Petersburg»; St. Petersburg

In article authors consider evolution of the theory of quality management, her influence on development of world and Russian economy. The concept «quality of life» and «sustainable development» is in detail studied. The mechanism of influence of standards in the field of management on improvement of quality of life is opened. Advantages are stated and efficiency of standards in different spheres of life of society is shown. Approach of the UN to an assessment of quality of life is described. Dynamics of development of Russia in the index of human development (IHD) since 1990 is presented. The analysis of results of researches (ISO) and FBU of «The state regional center of standardization, metrology and tests in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region» (FBU «Test St.-Petersburg») reflecting degree of trust of the population to the organizations using standards in the field of management conducted the International organization for standardization is provided. Experiment of application of standards at the different levels of management is presented the analysis of statistics of the issued certificates on compliance to standards in the field of management in Russia and the world for 2013 and 2014 Is made. The legislative bases of standardization directed to improvement of quality of life of the population are opened. The conclusion is drawn on value of the theory of quality management in reali­zation of initiatives the societies aimed at a sustainable development.
Keywords: quality of life, Human Development Index, quality management theory, sustainable development, international standards, technical committees (TC).
1.                   The federal law No. 162-FZ of June 29, 2015. About standardization in the Russian Federation.
2.                   ISO 37120. Sustainable development of community, indicators of city services and quality of life.
3.                   ISO 14001:2004. Systems of ecological management. Requirements and application guide.
4.                   ISO 50001:2011. Systems of management of electricity consumption. Requirements and operating instructions.
5.                   ISO 27001:2005. Information technology. Safety methods. Systems of management of information security. Requirements.
6.                   ISO 22000:2005. Systems of management of safety of foodstuff. Application guide.
7.                   ISO 13485:2003. Products medical. System of quality control. Requirements to regulation.
8.                   ISO/DIS 37101. A sustainable development of communities –   management system – Requirements and the guides to adaptability and intellectuality.
9.                   ISO/TU 16949. Quality management system. Special requirements for application of ISO 9001:2008 in the automotive industry and the organizations making the corresponding spare parts.
10.                ISO 15189:2012. Medical laboratories . Private requirements to quality and competence.
11.                ISO 15225:2010. Medical products. Quality management. Structure of the medical products given nomenclatures.
12.                ISO 26000:2010. Guide to social responsibility.
13.                ISO 14004:2004. Systems of ecological management. General guidelines on the principles, systems and ways of providing.
14.                ISO 14015:2001. Ecological management. Ecological assessment of platforms and organizations.
15.                ISO 14020: 2001. Ecological labels and declarations . General principles.
16.                ISO 14031:2013. Ecological management. Estimation of ecological efficiency. Guidelines.
17.                ISO 14040:2006. Ecological management. Assessment of life cycle. Principles and block diagram.
18.                ISO 14050:2009. Ecological management. Dictionary.
19.                GOST P ISO 14971-2009. Products medical. Application of management of risk to medical products.
20.                GOST ISO 9000-2011. Quality management system. Basic provisions and dictionary.
21.                GOST ISO 9001-2015. Quality management system. Requirements.
22.                GOST P ISO 13485-2004. Products medical. Quality management system. System requirements for regulation.
23.                GOST P 53918-2010. Products medical. Guide to integration of the principles of management of risk into quality management system.
24.                GOST P 53625-2009. Information technology. Training, Education and preparation. Quality management, ensuring quality and metrics. Part 1. General approach.
25.                GOST P 54837-2011. Information technology. Training, education and preparation. Quality management, ensuring quality and metrics. Part 3. Reference methods and metrics.
26.                GOST P 54934 – 2012/OHSAS 18001:2007. Management systems of safety of work and health protection. Requirements.
27.                GOST 12.0.230-2007. Occupational safety standards system. Control systems of labor protection. General requirements.
28.                ISO/IEC 19796-1:2005. Information technologies. Training, education and preparation. Quality management, ensuring quality and metrics. Part 1. General approach.
29.                ISO/IEC 19780-1:2008. Information technologies. Studying, education and preparation. Technology of cooperation. Communication at coeducation. Part 1. Text communication.
30.                ISO/IEC 19778-1:2008. Information technologies. Training, education and preparation. Technology of cooperation. Workplace. Part 1. Model of data for a workplace.
31.                ISO 29990:2010. Services in the field of training for receiving informal education and preparation. Main requirements to service providers.
32.                Glichev A.V. Bases of product quality control. Standards and quality.  Moscow. 2001. pp. 56.
33.                Ivanova G.N. Standardization on service of a sustainable development of communities. The Newsletter the technical expert. No. 1(103). 2015. pp. 11.
34.                Ivanova G.N. Prospects of inclusion of aspects of management of risks in family of the ISO standards of a series 9000. World of Standards Magazine. No. 10(41). 2009. pp. 41.
35.                Okrepilov V.V. Quality economy: Science. St. Petersburg. 2011. pp. 78.
36.                Okrepilov V.V. Prospects of creation of a multilevel quality management system. Standards and quality. 2009. No. 1. pp. 58-65.
37.                Okrepilov V.V., Ivanova G.N. Providing society with information on influence of standardization on quality of life - Problems of development of the territory. The issue 6(62). 2012. pp. 21.
38.                Okrepilov V.V., Ivanova G.N. A sustainable development of administrative-territorial communities - Problems of development of the territory. The issue 1(69). 2014. pp. 22.
39.                Okrepilov V.V., Ivanova G.N. Technical regulation in Russia - the Manual. Publishing house SPbGUEF. St. Petersburg. 2008. pp. 15.
40.                Solomenko E.N. We will grow quality: history of the non-standard person who has stepped to the world of metrology and standards. Aurora Design publishing house. St. Petersburg. 2014. pp. 191.
41.                ISO - International organization for standardization. Developer and publisher of the international standards. Advantage of standards. Available at: http://www.iso.org/iso/ru/home/standards/benefitsofstandards.htm.
42.                Human Development Report. United Nations Development Programme. Available at: http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-report-2014.

Role of voluntary certification in increase of competitiveness of the enterprises of a woodworking

I.V. Bardonov, general director of JSC «LESSERTIKA»; Kaluga region, Balabanovo
V.A. Bardonov, candidate of technical sciences, general director of LLC TsSL «LESSERTIKA», academician of Academy of problems of quality; Kaluga region, Balabanovo
e-mail: apq_p@mail.ru

Experience of confirmation of compliance of production of a woodworking to requirements of state standards and specifications is considered. Information on rules of application of obligatory and voluntary certification of production is provided. Advantages of use of voluntary certification for the purpose of increase of competitiveness of the woodworking enterprises are shown.
Key words: certification, woodworking, formaldehyde, safety
1. Shipov S.V., Klimov V.V., Salamatov V.Yu. New rules of the game in the market of certification. Standards and quality. No. 8. 2014. pp. 26-30.
2. Shein Yu.G. Certification and industrial safety in new conditions. Standards and quality. No. 9. 2014. pp. 56-59.
3. Bardonov V.A. Problems of rationing and control of emission of formaldehyde from wood materials and furniture – world aspect. Wood plates: theory and practice: the 14th international scientific and practical conference. St. Petersburg. 2011. pp. 104-109.
4. Bardonov V.A., Bardonov I.V. Condition of rationing of emission of formaldehyde in the Russian Federation. Wood plates: theory and practice: the 14th international scientific-practical conference. St. Petersburg. 2011. pp. 110-115.
5. Bardonov V.A. The concept of rationing of formaldehyde and other harmful flying chemicals from wood plates, plywood, furniture. Quality and life. No. 1. 2014. pp. 72-82.
6. Bardonov V.A. Tasks of suppliers of wood plates and plywood on providing TR of the HARDWARE 025/2012 «About safety of furniture production». Quality and life. No. 2. 2014. pp. 63-67.
7. Kamyshev A.I. How to increase trust to certification of systems of management. Standards and quality. No. 2. 2015. pp. 72-76.

Informative aspect of quality estimation

V.L. Skripka, candidate of technical sciences, associate professor, Bauman MSTU, Moscow
M.V. Zelenkova, candidate of technical sciences, scientist,  VNIIMS, Moscow
e-mail: viz_zelen@rambler.ru

The considerable part of fundamental provisions of a kvalimetriya is based on usual logic in a combination to knowledge of certain rules of work with qualitative datas and expert estimation, that results in a considerable variety of techniques of estimation of quality even of the same objects and incomparability of estimates One of the reasons of such situation is covered that the criteria of estimation used in a kvalimetriya will be coordinated with each other and (or) with some more general principles not enough. In article the possibility of application for finding of a measure of such coherence of postulates of the theory of information is considered. Proceeding from the fact that the amount of information serves as the most general and adequate measure of coherence of the estimated object with his «environment» in many cases (including in degree of satisfaction of the consumer), the principle of a maximum of information can be important for a kvalimetriya. Use of this principle has shown that at estimation there are two and more local maxima of usefulness of object and hierarchical creation of qualimetrical techniques.
Keywords: kvalimetriya, theory of information, estimation, model, technique, hierarchy.
1.                   Azgaldov G.G., Kostin A.V. Applied Qualimetry: Its origins, errors and misconceptions. Benchmarking: An International Journal. 2011. V.  18. I. 3. pp. 428-444.
2.                   Fedyukin V.K. Kvalimetriya. Measurement of quality of production. KNORUS. Moscow. 2013. 320 p.
3.                   Gnedenko B.V. Mathematics and quality control of production. LKI publishing house. Moscow.  2012. 64 p.
4.                   Shennon K. Works on the theory of information and cybernetics. Publishing house foreign liters. Moscow. 1963. pp.  243-333.
5.                   Golitsyn G.A., Petrov V.M. Garmoniya and algebra of live. Knowledge. Moscow. 1990. 129 p.

Mechanism of an assessment of compliance  of production to requirements of technical regulations  of the Customs union

D.A. Slepchenko, the chief specialist – the expert Minpromtorg of the RF, the graduate student of MSTU of MIREA; Moscow
e-mail: slehchenkoda@yandex.ru

In work the mechanism of an assessment of compliance of production to requirements of regulations of the Customs union is considered. It is specified that the choice of a concrete form of confirmation of compliance depends on that as the manufacturer (the person authorized by the manufacturer), the importer or the distributor, identifies production. Difference of registration of the certificate of conformity from the declaration on compliance to requirements of technical regulations of the Customs union is shown.
Keywords: assessment of compliance, production, requirements of regulations, Customs union, certificate, declaration.
1.                   The federal law of December 27, 2002 No. 184-FZ. On technical regulation.
2.                   The law of the Russian Federation of February 07, 1992 No. 2300-1. About consumer protection.
3.                   Technical regulations of the Customs union. About safety of production intended for children and teenagers. (HARDWARE 007/2011 TR).
4.                   Customs union agreement. About the uniform principles and rules of technical regulation in Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation. November 18, 2010.
5.                   About the Provision on an order of application of standard schemes of an assessment (confirmation) of compliance to requirements of technical regulations of the Customs union. The decision of the Commission of the Customs union of April 7, 2011. No. 621.
6.                   About a uniform market circulation mark of member states of the Customs union. The decision of the Commission of the Customs union of July 15, 2011. No. 711.
7.                   About uniform forms of the certificate of conformity and declaration on compliance to technical regulations of the Customs union and rules of their registration. The decision of Board of the Euroasian economic commission of December 25, 2012. No. 293.

From a consumer society to society of social humanity

V.V. Bushuev, doctor of technical sciences, academician of the RANS, General Director of Institute of power strategy; Moscow
V.S. Golubev, doctor geological and mineralogical and Candidate of Chemistry, director of Institute of global problems of energy efficiency and ecology, chief researcher of Institute of the system analysis of the RAS; Moscow
e-mail: v.s.golubev@bk.ru
L.P. Kurakov, doctor of economics, academician of Russian joint stock company, President of the International academy of global information management; Moscow

Scientific basis of socio humanism is considered. The following issues are discussed: system theory of human capital, conception of national wealth and quality of living, properties of socio-humanistic nation, ideology of socio humanism. Necessity of transformation of consumer society to society of socio humanism is shown. It is demonstrated that development is realized by the way of settlement of opposites on the basis of its harmonic synthesis.
Keywords: quality of living, structural energy, trialectics, ergodynamics.
1.                   Bushuev V.V., Golubev V.S. Ergodinamika-ekorazvitiye-sotsiogumanizm. LENAND. Moscow. 2010. 336 p.
2.                   Golubev V.S. About human nature from a position of natural and humanitarian synthesis. Standard of living of the population of regions of Russia. No. 4. 2013.
3.                   Bushuev V.V., Golubev V.S. Ergodinamika bases. Energy. Moscow. pp. 200-228; the second edition corrected and added.  LENAND. Moscow. 2012. 320 p.
4.                   Bushuev V.V., Golubev V.S., Korobeynikov A.A. Noosferizm, sustainable development, moral state, sociohumanizm: the general and special. Standard of living of regions of Russia. No. 4. 2013.
5.                   Future of Russia. Socio-humanistic project. LENAND. Moscow. 2011. 72 p.
6.                   Golubev V.S. Introduction to synthetic evolutionary ecology. Papyrus Pro. Moscow. 2001. 318 p.
7.                   Bushuev V.V., Golubev V.S., Orlov I.B. Introduction into the system theory of the capital. LENAND. Moscow. 2013. 169 p.
8.                   Bushuev V.V., Golubev V.S., Tarko A.M. Structural energy as development potential. World and Russia. LENAND. Moscow. 2013. 157 p.
9.                   Where is the Wealth of nation? Measuring capital for the 21st Century. World Bank. Washington. 2006. 29 р.
10.                The Changing Wealth of Nations. 2011. Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium. World Bank. Washington. 2011. 212 р.
11.                Report on human development of 2011. Whole world. Moscow. 2011. 176 p.
12.                The report on human development in the Russian Federation 2009. Plane design project. Moscow. 2010. 180 p.

Quality in the military-industrial complex

Ensuring quality of technical products  by control of the project

D.D. Gribanov, candidate of technical sciences, professor of MAMI; Moscow
e-mail: gribanov_dd@mail.ru
V.V. Martishkin, candidate of technical sciences, associate professor of MAMI; Moscow

One of important problems of mechanical engineering − development of technically competent concept of a product at initial stages of designing. However the most difficult in development of the concept – is too big space in which it is necessary to conduct search of the decisions providing high quality of products. To reveal and receive the necessary result in this space without use of specific receptions,  is practically not possible.
As one of such specific reception it is offered to use a preliminary estimate of quality of technical products at stages outline (EDS), technical (TP) and the worker of projects (RD). Such approach keeps within the principle which provides adoption of the correct decision and represents transition from comparison of alternative options in general, to comparison of their separate properties (indicators). The main idea of such transition consists that the most preferable option comes to light on one its separate property (indicator).
Indicators which define quality of a product need to be revealed at early design stages and designing. At stages EDS and TP of working drawings there are no details yet. In this regard quality of a product at these stages is offered to be counted on the basis of quality indicators, and on RD stages - on the basis of quantitative indices.
In this work one of possible methods of the solution of the main task of mechanical engineering is described: quality providing technical products.
Keywords: quality assessment, quality indicators, ponderability coefficient
1.                   Aksarin P.E. Drawings for a detailing. Mechanical engineering. Moscow. 1993. 160 p.

Increase of trust of consumers to results of measurements on the basis of approach to measuring process as to the instrument of improvement of quality of measurements

I.E. Parphenieva, candidate of technical sciences, associate professor of MAMI; Moscow
e-mail: gribanov_dd@mail.ru

Questions of increase of reliability of measuring information in the course of production by means of the SPC analysis allowing to carry out continuous monitoring and diagnostics of any processes in general and including processes technological are considered. The similar analysis allows to obtain necessary measuring information and monitoring not on the basis of 100 percent control, and on very limited number of supervision. The measuring information obtained it in the way allows to make objective decisions directly in the process of production.
Keywords: SPC analysis, pretsizionnost, convergence, measuring process, monitoring, diagnostics.
1.                   GOST 51814.5–2005 Quality management system in automotive industry. Analysis of measuring and control processes.
2.                   GOST P ISO 5725-1-2002 Accuracy (correctness and pretsizionnost) of methods and results of measurements. Part 1. Basic provisions and definitions.
3.                   Recommendations about interregional standardization of RMG 29-2013 «GSI. Metrology. Main terms and definitions». Standartinform. Moscow. 2014.

Mechanical engineering  and engineering scienceа

Ensuring quality of turning of preparations from  a phtoroplast on the basis of the choice of the rational  modes of cutting

O.Yu. Erenkov, doctor of technical sciences, professor, the head of the department Tekhnologiya of mechanical engineering Komsomol- on - Amur of the state technical university; Komsomolsk-on-Amur
e-mail: erenkov@list.ru
M.A. Kozlova, the graduate student of the department Technology of Mechanical Engineering Komsomol-on-Amur’s state technical university; Komsomolsk-on-Amur
A.G. Ivakhnenko, doctor of technical sciences, professor of the Quality management, metrology and standardization department of Southwest state university; Kursk

In this work results of experimental check of a possibility of manifestation of instability of technological system when turning preparations from a ftoroplast are presented. Nature of interrelation between the cutting mode, a type of preliminary preparation of preparations and level of a roughness of the surface processed by turning is established. The fact of existence of such modes of turning of a phtoroplast which realization leads to transition of technological system to an unstable state what sharp increase of a roughness of the processed surface testifies to is experimentally confirmed.  
Keywords: phtoroplast, technological system, turning, fluctuations, the processed surface, a roughness.
1.                   Kudinov V.A. Scheme of shaving forming (dynamic model of process of cutting). Machines and tool. No. 10. 1992. pp. 14-17, No. 11. pp. 26–29.
2.                   Erenkov O.Yu., Ivakhnenko A.G., Rhee Hosen, Gavrilova A.V. Processing of polymeric materials by cutting on the basis of ensuring stability of technological system and preliminary external impacts on preparations. Dalnauka. Vladivostok. 2011. 270 p.
3.                   Erenkov O.Yu., Ivakhnenko A.G. Mathematical model of nonlinear fluctuations and definition of conditions of instability of technological system when turning. Scientific notes of Komsomolsk-on-Amur state technical university. No. I-1 (1). 2010. pp. 45-51.
4.                   Erenkov O.Yu., Gavrilova A.V. Patent No. 2317196 Russian Federation, (51) MPK B 29 C 37/00. A way of processing of preparations from plastic. It is published 2/20/2008. Bulletin No. 5. 3 p.
5.                   Jenkins G., Vatts D. Spectral analysis and its appendices. Moscow. 1971. 316 p.
6.                   Erenkov O.Yu., Ivakhnenko A.G. Modeling the SSS of a Polymer Material in Cutting with Account for Crack Interaction. Russian Engineering Research. Vol. 27, No. 5. 2007. pp. 271–274. DOI: 10.3103/S1068798X07050073.
7.                   Erenkov O.Yu. Innovative technologies of machining of polymeric materials cutting. FGBOU VPO of «KNAGTU». Komsomolsk-on-Amur. 2014. 202 p.

Method of uniform distribution of an allowance  of large-size cast preparations before machining  by means of 3D – scanning

V.Yu. Novikov, candidate of technical sciences, professor of «Mechanical-engineering technology» department of MSUT «STANKIN»;  Moscow
Ya.S. Karavaev, deputy student of «Mechanical-engineering technology» department of MSUT «STANKIN»; Moscow,
e-mail: yaroslavkar@list.ru

In work the problem of uniform distribution of an allowance because of discrepancy of the actual form of preparation of her settlement CAD-model designed by the designer of large-size cast preparations is considered. As the solution of this problem use of technology of reversive engineering by means of 3D – the scanner is considered.
Keywords: an allowance, large-size cast preparation, 3D-scanning, machining process, a reverse engineering, efficiency.
1.                   Available at:  www.cybercom.ru.
2.                   Kuvaldin Yu.I., Perevoshchikov V.D. Calculation of allowances and the intermediate sizes when processing by cutting.
3.                   Dalsky A.M. Technology of constructional materials. The textbook for machine-building specialties. Mechanical engineering. Moscow. 2005. 480 p.
4.                   Titov I.D., Stepanov S.A. Technology of foundry production. N.: Mechanical engineering. 1978. 432 p.
5.                   Available at: www.complexdoc.ru. Rules of control of steel castings for nuclear power stations.

About planning of metrological providing machine- building enterprises at a production stage, regarding  the choice and purpose of measuring instruments  in technological processes

V.V. Kuts, doctor of technical sciences, associate professor, South-West state university; Kursk
e-mail: kuc-vadim@yandex.ru
N.A. Masalov, teacher, South-West state university; Kursk

In work the main objectives planning of metrological providing machine-building enterprises at a production stage are considered. The special attention is paid to the existing regulatory base of the choice and purpose of measuring instruments in technological processes. The analysis has shown that the existing bases don’t give the unambiguous solution of this task.
Keywords: the choice of MI, metrological providing, planning, permissible error, measuring instruments, a micrometer, shackle with reading device, a caliper, a micrometer lever, the enterprises of machine-building branch, the metrological characteristic.
1.                   Zolotukhina N.P. Quality management of process of metrological ensuring development, mass production and service of radio-electronic measuring instruments. Thesis of Cand.Tech.Sci.: 05.02.23. Kursk. 2011. 255 p. The Bibliographer. pp. 172-185.
2.                   Kuts V.V., Masalov N.A., Masalov A.V. About planning and ensuring quality of the accredited testing laboratory. In the collection: QUALITY IN PRODUCTION AND SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC SYSTEMS the Collection of scientific works of the 2nd International scientific and technical conference devoted to the 50 anniversary of Southwest state university in 2 volumes. 2014. pp. 157-161.
3.                   Pravikov Yu.M., G.R. Muslina. Metrological ensuring production. KNORUS. Moscow. 2009. 240 p.
4.                   MI 2803-2003 Recommendation. GSI. Systematic catalog of the State register of measuring instruments. FSUE VNIIMS. Moscow.  2003. 73 p.
5.                   GOST 8.051-81 GSI. The errors allowed at measurement of the linear sizes to 500 mm. Standards Publishing House. Moscow. 1987. 11 p.


Application of the technique of coefficients of the injury in order to control the quality of future and existing roads

I.N. Pugachev, doctor of technical sciences, professor of Highways Pacific National University (PNU); Khabarovsk
e-mail: ipugachev@mail.khstu.ru
N.G. Sheshera, a graduate student of Highways Pacific National University (PNU); Khabarovsk

In the article the authors proposed «Methods of injury factors» in the accident, which improves the quality requirements for the design and construction of transport facilities. The study authors offered odds of injury in an accident, allowing to determine the percentage probability of accidents with injuries and thus to take measures to timely change the situation.
Keywords: quality of design of transport facilities; the problem of accidents; road traffic injuries; Injury rates.
1.                   Pugachyov I.N., Sheshera N.G. Prospects of research of a road situation at commission of road accident from injury positions. The Far East: problems of development of architectural and construction and road and transport complexes: materials of the International scientific and practical conference. Publishing house Tikhookean. Khabarovsk. Issue 14. 2014. pp. 279-281.
2.                   Babkov V.F. Road conditions and traffic safety: The textbook for higher education institutions. Transport. Moscow. 1993. 271 p.
3.                   Pugachyov I.N., Sheshera N.G. Research of a road situation in places of a fulfillment of road accident from a traumatism position. The Motor transportation enterprise. No. 7. 2015. pp. 7-9.


The quality of life of patients with peritonitis  during the treatment

A.V. Esipov, FSBI «3 CMCH named after A. A. Visnewski» Mini­stry of Defence of the Russian Federation; Moscow region, settlement. New – hospital
V. A. Musailov, FSBI Branch number 1 «3 CMCH named after A.A. Visniewski» Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation; Moscow re­gion, Krasnogorsk
e-mail: musailove@mail.ru

The analysis of quality of life at patients with the peritonitis caused by diseases and injuries of the top uric ways receiving treatment with use of NO-and lymphatic therapy is carried out. For an assessment of quality of life used the questionnaire recommended to VOZ for an assessment of quality of MOS SF-36, adapted for the Russian conditions. The assessment of a pain syndrome was carried out on a scale VASH. Improvement of quality of life by all criteria is noted from third day of treatment. Decrease in intensity of a pain syndrome is noted already from second day of treatment. Application complex lymphatic and monoxide of nitrogen of therapy is the perspective direction in treatment of the peritonitis caused by diseases and injuries of the top uric ways.
Keywords: Quality of life, diseases and injuries of urinary tract, peritonitis, MOS SF-36 questionnaire, visual analog scale of pain, YOURS, limfotropny therapy, monoxide of nitrogen, NO–.
1.                   Abdurakhmanov Yu.Kh., Popovich V.K., Dobrovolsky S.R. Quality of life of patients with postoperative ventral hernia in the remote period. Surgery. Magazine of N.I. Pirogov. 2010. No. 7. pp. 32-36.
2.                   Von S.D. Assessment of parameters of quality of life of the patients operated concerning good-quality a disease of a thyroid gland. Abstract thesis of the candidate of medical sciences. Moscow. 2011. 24 p.
3.                   Dobrovolsky S.R., Abdurakhmanov Yu.Kh., Dzhamynchev E.K., Abdullaeva A.A. Research of quality of life of patients in surgery. Surgery. No. 12. 2008. pp. 73-76.
4.                   Shaposhnikov Yu.Yu., Shaposhnikov N.Yu., Serdyukov A.G.,  Mustafin D.G. Research of quality of life after surgeries: The manual. AGMA. Astrakhan. 2009. 34 p.
5.                   Lebedeva R.N., Nikoda V.V. Pharmacotherapy of an acute pain. Acorus Arth. Moscow. 1998. 184 p.
6.                   Makushkin R.Z., Hatsiyev B.B., Gadaev Sh.Sh., Petizhev E.B. The remote results and quality of life at patients after treatment of widespread peritonitis. The Messenger of new medical technologies. No. 4. 2009. pp. 210-212.
7.                   Nedoshivin A.O., Kutuzova A.E., Petrova N.N., Varshavsky S.Yu., Perepech N.B. Research of quality of life and the psychological status of patients with chronic heart failure. Heart failure. No. 4. 2000. pp. 1-7.
8.                   Novik A.A., Ionova T.I. Research of quality of life in medicine: manual. GEOTAR-MED. Moscow. 2004. 304 p.
9.                   Byvaltsev V.A., Belykh E.G., Alekseeva N.V., Sorokovikov V.A. Application of scales and questionnaires in inspection of patients with degenerate defeat of lumbar department of a backbone: methodical recommendations. FSBIn NTsRVH SO the RAMS. Irkutsk. 2013. 32 p.
10.                Serikova S.N. Quality of life as criterion of efficiency of drug treatment of patients with stomach ulcer of a stomach. The Messenger of surgical gastroenterology. Appendix. 2012. pp. 36.
11.                Starokon P.M., Shashkina M.K. Research of quality of life at patients with abdominal solderings. Saratov. 2008. 79 p.
12.                Tikhomirova G.I. Quality of life as criterion for evaluation of efficiency of recovery treatment of stomach ulcer. Basic researches. No. 2-2. 2012. pp. 368-371.
13.                Chernogorova M.V. Kliniko diagnostic indicators and quality of life of patients of a gastroenterologichesky profile in the conditions of out-patient supervision. Abstract of the thesis … candidate of medical sciences. Moscow. 2002. 27 p.
14.                Bloechle C., Izbicki J.R., Knoefel W.T., Kuechler T., Broelsch C.E. Quality of Life in Chronic Pancreatitis-Results After Duodenum-Preserving Resection of the Head of the Pancreas. Pancreas. 1995. Vol 11. No 1. pp. 77-85.
15.                Ware J.E., Kosinski M., Keller S.D. SF-36 Physical and Mental Health Summary Scales: A User`s Manual. The Health Institute, New England Medical Center. Boston, Mass. 1994.
16.                Ware J.E., Sherbour C.D. The MOS 36-item short form health survey: conceptual framework and item selection. Medical Care 1992; 30. pp. 473-483.
17.                Ware J.E., Snow K.K., Kosinski M., Gandek B. SF-36 Health Survey. Manual and interpretation guide. The Health Institute, New England Medical Center. Boston, Mass. 1993.

The fermental in vitro test systems for primary  screening of biologically active agents

V.A. Dubinskaya, candidate of biological sciences, leading researcher of FGBNU of the All-Russian research institute of medicinal and aromatic plants (VILAR); Moscow
e-mail: va@dubinsky.info
T.V. Volodina, candidate of biological sciences, leading researcher of FGBNU (VILAR); Moscow

The applied direction of scientific researches for preliminary screening of pharmacologicaly active agents of a synthetic and natural origin is presented in article. The offered fermental in vitro test systems possess high specificity and reproducibility at considerable decrease in material inputs and reduction of time of experiments at the first stage of preclinical researches of medicines.
Keywords: primary screening of biologically active agents, fermental in vitro test systems.
1.                   State pharmacopeia of the Russian Federation. Moscow. V. 1. 2015.
2.                   Kutsenko S.A. Fundamentals of toxicology. 2004. Volume. St. Petersburg. pp. 311-329.
3.                   Granik V.G. Metabolism of exogenous connections. High school book. Moscow. 2006. pp. 25-41.
4.                   Mineeva M.F., Kolkhir V.K., Bykov V.A. Program of screening of biologically active agents of a phytogenesis. Collection of theses of the 1st Congress of the Russian scientific organization of pharmacologists on October 9-13, 1995 Volgograd «Basic researches as basis of creation of medicines». Moscow. 1995. pp. 281.
5.                   Dubinskaya V.A., Mineeva M.F., Vakhnina E.V., etc. The fermental in vitro test system for the directed search the holinergicheskikh of substances and studying of their mechanism of action. The questionnaire of biology, medicine and pharmacological chemistry. No. 2. 2007. pp. 32-37.
6.                   Bachurin S.O. Medico-chemical approaches to the directed search of preparations for treatment and the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease. Questions of medical chemistry. No. 2. 2001. pp. 1-41.
7.                   Granik V.G. Neurodegenerate diseases. Chemical and medicobiological aspects. Nestor history. Moscow - St. Petersburg. 2014.  467 p.
8.                   Andreeva N.I., Gorkin V.Z., Mashkovsky M.D. New in studying antidepressants - MAO inhibitors. The chemical pharmacological magazine. No. 6. 1985. pp. 650-657.
9.                   Bykov V.A., Mineeva M.F., Dubinskaya V.A. A way of identification of the substances possessing adaptogenny properties, in vitro. Russian Federation patent No. 2181890. 2001. Chem.Abstr. 137:379958 (2003).
10.                Bykov V.A., Mineeva M.F., Dubinskaya V.A. A way of identification of the substances possessing antimicrobic and antiviral properties, in vitro. Russian Federation patent No. 2181891. 2001. Chem.Abstr. 137:348784 (2003).
11.                Bykov V.A., Dubinskaya V.A., Mineeva M.F. A way of identification of the substances possessing antioxidant properties, in vitro the Russian Federation Patent No. 2181892. 2001. Chem.Abstr. 137:379959 (2003).
12.                Bykov V.A., Mineeva M.F., Popova N.B.  A way of identification of substances with potential immunomodulatory activity of in vitro with use of NADFN-oksidazny test system. Russian Federation patent No. 218892. 2003.
13.                Strelkova L.B., Kondakov N.V., Dubinskaya V.A. Indutsibelny NO synthesis as enzyme of biotest-system for identification of substances with anti-inflammatory in vitro properties. The questionnaire of biology, medicine and pharmacological chemistry 2013. No. 11. pp. 81-86.
14.                Kondakova N.V., Strelkova L.B., Dubinskaya V.A., Bykov V.A. A xanthineoxidase as fermental biotest-system for identification of in vitro of biologically active agents with anti-inflammatory and protivoartritny properties. The questionnaire of biology, medicine and pharmacological chemistry. 2013. No. 11. pp. 75-80.
15.                Bykov V.A., Mineeva M.F., Strelkova L.B. Way of detection of anti-toxic properties of biologically active agents. Russian Federation patent No. 2316597. 2008.
16.                Bykov V.A., Mineeva M.F., Kolkhir V.K. Use of the specific fermental in vitro biotest-systems for screening of peptides on biological activity. Peptides - 2003. Mat. Russian. symposium on chemistry and biology of peptides. Moscow. 2003. pp. 63.
17.                Bykov V.A., Mineeva M.F., Dubinskaya V.A. An assessment of quality of culture of cages of plants with use of molecular test systems. International conference «Physiology of Plants - Science of the III Millennium». October 4-9. Moscow. 1999. pp. 541.
18.                Chernyshev R.V., Alexandrova I.S., Dubinskaya V.A. Studying of influence of products from culture of cages of a rhodiola of pink (Rhodiola rosea) on enzymes of antioxidant protection. Biomedical technologies. TR. research and educational and methodical center of biomedical technology. Moscow. 2000. Century 15.  pp. 21-26

Features of sound conductivity and metrological providing in an audiometriya

A.А. Popov, candidate of technical sciences, Head of Metrology and ensure long-term development in the Federal State Institution «Omsk CCM»; Omsk
S.A. Glushaninа, student of FEE&G of Omsk State University of Technology; Omsk
e-mail: glushanina91@mail.ru

In this article subjective methods of research of auditory acuity are considered. As a result of work features of process of air and bone sound transmission, and also shortcomings the hearing disorder complicating process of research of auditory acuity and influencing the accuracy of acoustic measurements when diagnosing at different examinee have been revealed. The special attention has been paid to a problem of use of masking at bone sound transmission since systematic researches in this area weren’t conducted.
Keywords: sound, air and bone sound transmission, intensity of sound signals, masking.
1.                   Sound. Wikipedia. Available at: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sound (date of the address 04.09.2015).
2.                   The knowledge base on human biology. Available at:  http://humbio.ru/humbio/har/0059ff8d.htm (date of the address 06.09.2015).
3.                   GOST R ISO 8253-1-2012. Acoustics. Methods of audiometric tests. Part 1. A voice-frequency threshold audiometriya on air and bone conductivity: Introduction 12/1/2013 Electronic fund legal and specifications and technical documentation. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200100267 (date of the address 10.09.2015).
4.                   Tavartkiladze G.A., Gvelesiani T.G. Clinical audiology.  Svyatigor Press. Moscow. 2003. pp. 74:
5.                   Alman Ya.A., Tavartkiladze G.A. Guide to an audiology. DMK Press. Moscow. 2003. pp. 360.
6.                   Blinova L.P., Kolesnikov A.E., Langans L.B. Acoustic measurements. Standards Publishing House. Moscow. 1971. pp. 269.
7.                   About the statement of the Order of carrying out tests for the statement like measuring instruments, and also the list of the medical products relating to measuring instruments in the sphere of state regulation of ensuring unity of measurements concerning which tests for the statement like measuring instruments are carried out: the order of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation of August 16, 2012 No. 89n. The Electronic text of the document is prepared by CJSC Kodeks and verified on: Russian newspaper, No. 9, 18.01.2013.


Improvement of estimation of risk

M.A. Eliseevа, Sevastopol State University graduate student; Sevastopol
e-mail: marysia_a_a@mail.ru
K.N. Malovik, doctor of technical sciences, associate professor, Sevastopol State University, Head of the technical expertise and quality management

In article the solution of an actual problem of the unique choice for decision-making at a multicriteria assessment of alternatives by means of space of risk which creation allows to define the list of parameters for improvement of quality of estimation and forecasting at management of risk is proposed.
Keywords: risk space, uncertainty zone, sensitivity of risk, residual risk, indicator of uncertainty of risk.
1.                   Antonov A.V. System analysis. Studies. for higher education institutions. High school. Moscow. 2006 pp. 411-417.
2.                   Eliseeva M.A., Malovik C.N.  Sensitivity Assessment In Risk Management. J. Scientific Israel-Technological Advantages. V. 17.  No. 3, 4. 2015.
3.                   Chomyakov P.M. System analysis: An express course of lectures. LKI publishing houses. Moscow. 2008. 216 p.
4.                   Eliseeva M.A. Aspects of improvement of quality of risk management for the NPP and the nuclear industry. Summaries of reports of NIYaU MEPhI. Innovative nuclear technologies. High technologies in medicine. No. 1. 2013. pp. 225.
5.                   ISO/IEC 31010:2009 Risk management - Risk assessment techniques.
6.                   ISO 11231:2010 Space systems - Probabilistic risk assessment (PRA).

Technique of the express assessment of characteristics of consumer quality of the web websites (on the example of websites of management companies in housing sector)

G.N. Khubaev, doctor of economics, professor of Rostov state economic university  (RINH); Rostov-on-Don
e-mail: gkhubaev@mail.ru
S.V. Shevchenko, programmer of Rostov state economic University (RINH); Rostov-on-Don

The algorithm allowing to carry out with the minimum expenses of resources to do the comparative analysis of functional completeness of any number of websites, to estimate degree of compliance of the chosen website cover to requirements of the user to functional completeness, to form the full list of the functions realized by the websites of the companies presented to the Internet is presented. The technique of an express assessment of statistical characteristics of empirical allocation of costs of work and the user’s time for realization of necessary functions and for loading of web pages is offered.
Keywords: functional completeness; website; quantitative assessment; management company; housing and communal services. express assessment of expenses of resources; web application; statistical characteristics of allocation of costs of work and time.
1.                   Khubaev G.N. The methods of economic evaluation consumer quality software. Software Products And Systems (Software&systems). No. 1. 1995. pp. 2-8.
2.                   Khubaev G.N. Economic evaluation of consumer quality software. Rostov-on-don. 1997. 104p.
3.                   Khubaev G.N. Output and service costing: process-statistical expenditure accounting. Management Accounting. No. 2. 2009.  pp. 35-46.
4.                   Khubaev G., Rodina O. Models, methods and software tools for assessment of aggregate cost for long use ownership (by the example of software systems). LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing. Saarbrucken. 2012. 370 p.
5.                   Khubaev G.N. Comparison of complex software systems by the criterion of functional plenitude. Software Products and Systems (Software&systems). No. 2. 1998. pp. 6-9.
6.                   Khubaev G.N. Statistical methods of planning of extreme experiments with information systems. Questions of Statistics.  No. 6. 1998. pp. 78-83.
7.                   Khubaev G.N., Shcherbakov S.M., Rvantsov Y.A. UML «SIM-UML»-based system of automated synthesis of simulation models. Computer Software State Registration Certificate.  No.2009610414. Moscow. Rospatent. 2009.

Transport.  Production, management and operation

Analysis of modern system of the organization  train streams abroad

O.B. Malikov, doctor of technical sciences, St. Petersburg state transport university; St.-Petersburg
I.Yu. Sogrin, graduate student, St. Petersburg state transport university; St.-Petersburg
e-mail: natalia.lyamina@gmail.com

The condition of a transport complex of Russia in present time is characterized by a number of the burning issues connected with decline in quality of transportations because of outdated technology of the organization of transportations. It is offered to analyze current European trends in the sphere of a cargo transportation by rail, including a tendency to cooperation between the railway companies of the different countries and transportation of goods railway transport according to the firm schedule.
Keywords: Cargo transportation, Cargo train, Route transportation
1.                   Regionalbahnen entwerfen Containerkonzept. Cargo trains of society Hansa Rail GPNTB of Russia Eisenbahnmgenieur 48, 6 1997. - pp. 67. VINITI t RS 98.2В24.
2.                   Smehov A.A. Logistic. Knowledge. Moscow. 1990. pp.64.
3.                   Sharov V.A. System of technological support of transportation of goods railway transport in the conditions of market economy. The thesis on competition of degree of the Doctor of Engineering. Moscow. 1994. 347 p.