"Quality and Life" № 3(27) 2020



Main theme: 
Quality is made by people


Release date: 
23.09.2020

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QUALITY MANAGEMENT 

p. 5-10

Doctor Edwards Deming – a Thinker  Against Time

Yu.P. Adler, сandidate of technical sciences, associate professor, professor of National University of Science and Technology «Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys» (NUST MISIS); Moscow
e-mail: adler.37@inbox.ru
 
Dr. Edwards Deming, whose 120th birthday falls on October 14, 2020, has made outstanding contributions to management theory and practice, mathematical statistics and many other areas of human endeavor. This work, written for the anniversary of E. Deming, examines the paradoxes arising from his teachings. They relate, inter alia, to competition, motivation and remuneration, the use of sampling methods, on-the-job training, operational definitions and much more. Resolving these paradoxes is the path to a deeper understanding of the modern world and to the improvement of management practice. Already during Deming’s lifetime, numerous attempts were made to revise his teachings, and now there is a desire to abandon the use and development of his heritage. This is alarming and worrying.

Keywords: Deming’s doctrine, competition, motivation, sampling methods, operational definitions, control charts, systems theory.

References:
1. Deming E. Out of the crisis: A new paradigm for managing people, systems and processes. Translation from English. Under the scientific editorship of Y. Rubanik, Y. Adler, V. Shper. Alpina Business Books. Moscow, 2007. 370 p.
2. Deming E. New era management: Simple mechanisms leading to growth, innovation and market dominance. Translation from English. Under the scientific editorship of Y. Adler, V. Shper. Alpina Publisher. Moscow, 2019.182 p.
3. Niv G. Space of Dr. Deming: Principles of building a sustainable business. Translation from English. Under the scientific editorship of Y. Adler, Y. Rubanik, V. Shper. Alpina Business Books. Moscow, 370 p.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2020-27-3-5-10


p. 11-18

Competitiveness of energy-consuming devices: new requirements in technical regulation for sustainable development

E.A. Sysoeva, doctor of economic sciences, associate professor, head of the department of statistics, econometrics and information technologies in management of the National Research Mordovian State University named after N.P. Ogareva; Republic of Mordovia, Saransk
e-mail: sysoewa@mail.ru

T.A. Rozhkova, leading specialist of the Limited Liability Company «Center for certification of electric lamps and lighting products»; Republic of Mordovia, Saransk

The Eurasian economic Union has adopted the technical regulation «On energy efficiency requirements for energy-consuming devices» (TR EEU 048/2019), which is applied to widely used energy-consuming devices that have a significant share in the energy consumption balance and produce a significant impact on the energy security of the EEU member States. In TR EEU 048/2019 updated quantitative requirements to energy consuming devices, with new, additional requirements for energy efficiency, corresponding to modern level of the development of energy-saving technologies, and harmonization gradually introduced requirements on energy efficiency of energy consuming devices installed in a TR EEU 048/2019, with the requirements of the directives and regulations of the European Union, suggests that energy efficiency in energy-consuming products manufactured in the member States of the Eurasian economic Union, will steadily increase and it should have a positive impact on the competitiveness of energy-consuming goods produced in the territory of the Eurasian economic Union.
The introduction of the EAEU TR 048/2019 is an urgent solution for ensuring energy security of the economies and the energies of the member States of the Eurasian economic Union and will promote the promotion of competitive energy-consuming products produced on the territory of the countries of the Eurasian economic Union to the international market and will allow the population to save money on acquisitions of energy efficient energy consuming devices.

Keywords: technical management, technical regulations, energy efficiency, energy saving, energy-consuming devices, energy efficiency class, directives and regulations of the European Union, conformity assessment, the Eurasian economic Union, consumer market.

References:
1.   Transforming of our world: The agenda for sustainable development for the period until 2030: Declaration of the UN General Assembly of  25 September 2015. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/420355765.
2.   Russian Federation Law of 23.11.2009 g.  N 261-FZ About power savings, increase of power efficacy and modification of separate acts. Available at: https://base.garant.ru/12171109/.
3.   The decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 15.04.2014 N 321 (amended on 24.12.2019): on approval of the state program of the Russian Federation «Energy Development»: – Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/499091759.
4.   The decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 19.04.2018 N 703-R.: on approval of a comprehensive plan to improve energy efficiency of economy of the Russian Federation:– Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/557244354.
5.   Abrashkina M.L., Sysoeva E.A. Energy efficiency requirements, labeling and eco-design of lighting products: European experience. Light & Engineering. 2017, volume 25, No 4. pp. 130-133.
6.   Russian Federation Law of 27.12.2002  N 184-FZ. On technical regulation. Available at: https://base.garant.ru/57422607/.
7.   The Treaty on the Eurasian economic union (in Astana, 29.05.2014) (with amendments and additions). Available at: https://base.garant.ru/70670880/.
8.   Technical regulation of the Eurasian economic Union (TR EEU 048/2019): on requirements for energy efficiency of energy-consuming devices. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/564066302.
9.   Commission Regulation (EC) No 244/2009 of 18 March 2009 implementing Directive 2005/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to eco-design requirements for non-directional household. Official Journal of the European Union. 2009. L 76. pp. 3–16.
10. Commission Regulation (EC) No 245/2009 of 18 March 2009 implementing Directive 2005/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to eco-design requirements for fluorescent lamps without integrated ballast, for high intensity discharge lamps, and for ballasts and luminaires able to operate such lamps, and repealing Directive 2000/55/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council. Official Journal of the European Union. 2009., L 76.  pp. 17-44.
11. Regulation (EU) 2017/1369 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2017 setting a framework for energy labelling and repealing Directive 2010/30/EU. Official Journal of the European Union. 2017, L 198. pp.1–24.
12. Directive 2010/30/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the indication by labelling and standard product information of the consumption of energy and other resources by energy-related products. Official Journal of the European Union. 2010, L 153. pp. 1–12.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2020-27-3-11-18

 
p. 19-26

Probabilistic Model of Interaction of Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Mass Morbidity of the Population, Taking into Account the Scale-Population Factor Materials

A.A. Barzov, doctor of technical sciences, professor, leading researcher of the Center for hydrophysical research of faculty of physics, Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov; Moscow

A.I. Denchik, candidate of technical sciences, professor, Mechanical Engineering and Standardization department of Pavlodar State University named after S. Toraigyrov; Republic of Kazakhstan, Pavlodar

V.M. Korneeva, doctor of technical sciences, associate professor, professor of the department «Metrology and interchangeability» of Bauman Moscow State Technical University, president of the Qualimetry branch of the Academy for Quality Problems; Moscow
e-mail: v_korneeva@list.ru

S.S. Korneev, candidate of technical sciences, associate professor, associate professor of the department «Rocket and space technologies engineering» of Bauman Moscow State Technical University; Moscow

It is proposed to use the phenomenology of the well-known «scale strength factor» to construct a hardware platform for probabilistic modeling of the interaction kinetics of necessary and sufficient conditions for the occurrence of epidemics or pandemics. Exponential-plastic models have been obtained that reflect the characteristic features of these mass-population phenomena, which provide the possibility of probabilistic forecasting of various scenarios of their course. Examples of calculations based on the proposed probabilistic model are given and their correspondence to real statistical data on the development of morbidity in different countries is shown.

Keywords: mass morbidity, probabilistic modeling, necessary and sufficient conditions, scale factor.

References:
1.   Freudenthal A.M., Libowitza G.M. A statistical approach to fragile destruction. Destruction. World. Moscow, 1975, volume 2. pp. 616–645.
2.   Barzov A.A., Galinovsky A.L., Puzakov V.S., Troschiy O.A. Probability modeling in innovative technologies. «NT» publishing house. Moscow, 2006. 100 p.
3.   Khvastunov R.M., Jagello O.I., Korne­eva V.M., Polikarpov M.P. Expert methods in qualimetry of engineering. Autonomous non-profit organization «Technoneftegaz». Moscow, 2002. 141 p.
4.   Khvastunov R.M., Jagello O.I., Korneeva V.M., Polikarpov M.P. Techniques of gualimetry of engineering. Autonomous non-profit organization «Technoneftegaz». Moscow, 2002. 189 p.
5.   Barzov A.A., Erofeeva V.V., Sysoev N.N., Syso­ev P.N., Yablochnikov S.L. Analysis of the influence of structural-latent factors of physical and technological innovation on the potential of their functional performance. Preprint of the faculty of physics of Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov. 2018, No. 5. 33 p.
6.   Barzov A.A., Korneeva V.M., Pheophanov A.N. Probability modeling of adhesive-latent interaction of structural elements of composite materials. Quality and life. 2020, No. 1(25). pp. 76–81
7.   Barzov A.A., Korneeva V.M., Korneev S.S. Probability simulation of the kinetics of the process of decontamination of liquids at their ultra-jet hydrophysical treatment. Quality and life. 2018, No. 12. pp. 311–312.
8.   Badanina Yu.V., Barzov A.A., Galinovsky A.L., Sysoev N.N. Physical medicine indicators. Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov. Faculty of Physics. Moscow, 2018. 309 p.
9.   Barzov A.A., Proletarsky A.V., Proletarskaya V.A. Information and methodical support for the evaluation and forecasting of resource-functional parameters of biophysical objects. Engineering Journal: science and innovation. 2014, No. 2(26). pp. 15–19.
10. Polovko A.M., Gurov S.V. Basics of reliability theory - 2nd edition. BCHV-Petersburg. St. Petersburg, 2006. 704 p.
11. Gmurman V.E. Probability theory and mathematical statistics. High school publishing house. Moscow, 2003. 316 p.
12. Barzov A.A., Galinovsky A.L., Mazaeva I.V, Sysoev N.N., Sysoev P.N Examination of the quality of physical and technological innovations. Research institute of radioelectronics and laser technology of Bauman Moscow state technical university. Moscow, 2014. 172 p.
13. Barzov A.A., Barzov E.A, Sysoev N.N., Syso­ev P.N. Technology and economics of physical engineering. Publishing House of the Scientific and Educational Complex «Informatics and control systems» of the Bauman Moscow state technical university. Moscow, 2016. 176 p.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2020-27-3-19-26

 
p. 27-32

Improving the Design Efficiency of Complex Systems Based on Reducing the Power of Many Generated Alternatives

J.V. Doronina, doctor of technical sciences, professor of department «Information technologies and computer systems» of the Sevastopol state university; Sevastopol
e-mail: YVDoronina@sevsu.ru
 
The article proposes an approach to the structural synthesis of elements of a system-technical complex, which consists in using a modified genetic algorithm and a method for narrowing the cardinality of the sets of alternatives. The modification of the genetic algorithm is implemented as part of a directed mutation operation for three types of the initial elemental composition of the alternative and is used for objects with a given (limited) duration of their life cycle. Application of the proposed approach made it possible to both reduce efforts in obtaining alternatives at the stage of designing elements of a system-technical complex, and to reduce labor intensity in the formation of the appearance of the system.

Keywords: system-technical complex, structural synthesis, cardinality narrowing, genetic algorithm, directed mutation.

References:
1.   Kirillov A.N. Dynamical systems with variable structure and dimension. Instrumentation. 2009. No. 3. Available at: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/dinamicheskie-sistemy-s-peremennoy-str... (Accessed 01 of July 2020).
2.   Melnikov N.S. Synthesis of variable structure systems taking into account the characteristics of real elements. Scientific notes of the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute. 1974, no. 6. Available at: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sintez-sistem-peremennoy-struktury-s-u... (date of access: 07/01/2020).
3.   Korobko A.A. Algorithm for generating software components of a model-oriented system. Educational resources and technologies. 2016, no. 2 (14). Available at: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/algoritm-generatsii-programmnyh-kompon... (date accessed: 29.06.2020).
4.   Flegontov A.V. Structural synthesis: methods, algorithms, models, computer support. Proceedings. Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science St. Petersburg Institute for Informatics and Automation of the Russian Academy of Sciences. St. Petersburg, 2002, issue 1, volume 1. pp. 316–332.
5.   Simon D. Algorithms of evolutionary optimization. DMK Press. Moscow, 2020. 940 p.
6.   Bozhko A.N., Tolparov A.Ch. Structural synthesis on elements with limited compatibility. Available at: http://www.techno.edu.ru:16001/db/msg/13845.html (date accessed: June 29, 2020).
7.   Shkurina G.L., Kandyrin Yu.V. Automation of multicriteria truncation of a set of technical objects. Collection of scientific works SWorld: materials of the international scientific-practical conference «Scientific research and their practical application. The current state and development paths ‘2013». 2013, issue 3, volume 5. pp. 63–66.
8.   Voloshin A., Malyar N., Shvalagin O. Fuzzy algorithm of sequential analysis of options. International Book Series «Information Science and Computing». Available at: http://www.foibg.com/ibs_isc/ibs-15/ibs-15-p25.pdf.
9.   Doronina Yu.V., Ryabovaya V.O. Method of modernization of environmental monitoring information systems based on the analysis of their functional load. Proceedings. Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science St. Petersburg Institute for Informatics and Automation of the Russian Academy of Sciences. St. Petersburg, 2016, issue 1, volume 44. pp. 133–153.
10. Okhtilev M.Yu., Sokolov B.V., Yusupov R.M. Intelligent technologies for monitoring and controlling the structural dynamics of complex technical objects. The science. Moscow, 2006. 410 p.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2020-27-3-27-32

 
p. 33-38

A Low-Cost Method for Solving the Canonical Equations of the Method of Forces of Large Dimensions

V.E. Kicheev, candidate of technical sciences, associate professor of the Moscow aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
e-mail: m.oskb@yandex.ru
 
The problem of solving systems of linear algebraic equations of general form and large dimension is considered. A method of successive approximations based on a geometric approach has been developed. In order to improve convergence, the proposed method uses a significant part of the equations.

Keywords: static uncertainty, system of linear algebraic equations, numerical methods.

References:
1. Kicheev V.E. Design of compressed rods of power aircraft using the similarity criterion. Electronic magazine «Trudy MAI». Volume 14. Available at: http//www.mai.ru (accessed 26 of December 2003)
2. Kicheev V.E the Choice of a good initial approximation when solving the canonical equations of the force method. Electronic magazine «Trudy MAI». 2007, volume 28. Available at: http//www.mai.ru
3. Kicheev V.E. A geometric approach to the problem of solving the canonical equations of the force method. Application. Quality and life. 2018, № 4(20). pp. 417 – 420
4. Kicheev V.E An effective solution to the canonical equations of the force method. Quality and life. 2019, № 1(21). pp. 19–23
5. Kicheev V.E A low-cost method for solving the canonical equations of the force method. Quality and life. 2019, № 2(22). pp. 113–117
6. Amosov A.A., Dubinsky Yu.A., Kopcheno- va N.V. Computational methods. Publishing house of the Moscow Power Engineering Institute. Moscow, 2008.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2020-27-3-33-38

 
p. 39-45

Application of Discrete Wavelet Transform and Convolution to Find the Values of Locally Approximated Splines

Yu.I. Bityukov, doctor of technical sciences, professor of the Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Yu. I. Deniskin, doctor of technical sciences, professor of the Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

G.Yu. Deniskina, graduate student of the Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
e-mail: dega17@yandex.ru
 
Algorithms for finding the values of locally approximating n-variable splines and their partial derivatives using a discrete wavelet transform and a convolution operation are considered. The results are applied to the estimation of the values of the partial derivatives of the functions specified at the grid nodes and to the problem of local modification of the surface of an aircraft engine fan blade made of composite materials using the automated calculation method.

Keywords: Splines, wavelet transform, local surface modification, automated layout, composite materials.

References:
1. Finkelstein A. Multiresolution curves. Proceedings ACM SIGGRAPH. 1994. pp. 261–268.
2. Lounsbery M., DeRose T.D. Warren J. Multiresolution surfaces of arbitrary topological type. ACM Transactions on Graphics. January 1997, volume 16, 1. pp. 34–73.
3. Zavyalov Yu.S., Kvasov B.I., Miroshnichenko V.L. Spline function methods. The science. Moscow, 1980. 352 p.
4. Frazier Michael W. An introduction to wavelets through linear algebra. Springer. 1999. 503 p.
5. Bityukov Yu.I., Kalinin V.A. Application of wavelets in computer-aided design systems. Proceedings of the MAI. 2015, no 84. Available at: http://trudymai.ru/published.php?ID=62973.
6. Chewie K. An Introduction to Wavelets. World. Moscow, 2001. 412 p.
7. Novikov I.Ya., Protasov V.Yu., Skopina M.A. Burst theory. FIZMATLIT. Moscow, 2005. 612 p.
8. Golovanov N.N. Geometric modeling. Publishing House of physical and mathematical literature. Moscow, 2002. 472 p.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2020-27-3-39-45

ORGANIZATION OF PRODUCTION

p. 46-51

Project Activities in Solving Product Quality Problems in the Automotive Industry

V.N. Kozlovsky, doctor of technical sciences, professor, head of the department «Theoretical and general electrical engineering» of Samara state technical university, full member of the Academy of Quality Problems; Samara
e-mail: kozlovskiy-76@mail.ru

D.I. Blagoveshchensky, candidate of technical sciences, associate professor, director of the Federal Budgetary Institution «State regional center for standardization, metrology and testing in the Tula Region» (FBI «Tula CSM»), full member of the Academy of Quality Problems; Tula

D.V. Aidarov, candidate of technical sciences, associate professor of the department «Technosphere safety and production certification of Samara State Technical University; Samara

R.R. Gafarov, candidate of science degree applicant of Samara State Technical University; Samara

The paper presents the results of the development and implementation of design approach tools for solving quality problems of new cars in operation.

Keywords: competitiveness, quality, car.

References:
1. Kozlovsky V.N. Ensuring the quality and reliability of the car electrical system. Abstract of dissertation for the degree of вoctor of еechnical ыciences. Moscow State Automobile and Highway Institute (Technical University). Togliatti, 2010.
2. Nemtsev A.D., Kozlovsky V.N. Modeling is a product quality management tool. Automotive industry. 2003, No. 10. рр. 1–16.
3. Zayatrov A.V., Kozlovsky V.N. Analyze and evaluate the relationship between traditional reliability metrics and metrics used by leading passenger car manufacturers. Transport electronics and electrical equipment. 2012, No. 1. pp. 41–43.
4. Erokhina L.I., Naumova O.N., Kozlovsky V.N. Innovative mechanisms for managing the potential of the service sector in the region: monograph. Volga State University of Service. Togliatti, 2013.
5. Kozlovsky V.N., Zayatrov A.V. The problem of strategic planning for improving the quality and reliability of the electrical equipment system of cars. Electronics and electrical equipment. 2012, No. 1.  pp. 44–47
6. Debelov V.V., Ivanov V.V., Kozlovsky V.N., Stroganov V.I., Yutt V.E. Electronic system for controlling the speed of the vehicle in the modes of maintaining and limiting the speed. Truck. 2013,  No. 12. pp. 19–23.
7. Kozlovsky V.N., Gorbachevsky N.I., Sorokin A.G., Kislinsky V.B., Miphtakhova L.Kh. Analytical complex for predicting the reliability of electric vehicles and vehicles with a combined power plant. Bulletin of Kazan Technological University. 2014, volume 17, No. 3. pp. 227–229.
8. Kozlovsky V.N., Stroganov V.I., Debelov V.V., Pyanov M.A. A complex of electronic control systems for the movement of a passenger car with a combined power plant. Part 1. Electrical and informational complexes and systems. 2014, volume 10, No. 1.  рр. 40–49.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2020-27-3-46-51

 
p. 52-61

The Practice of Solving Product Quality Problems Obtained through the Use of Design Activities at Car Assembly Plants

V.N. Kozlovsky, doctor of technical sciences, professor, head of the department «Theoretical and general electrical engineering» of Samara state technical university, full member of the Academy of Quality Problems; Samara
e-mail: kozlovskiy-76@mail.ru

D.I. Blagoveshchensky, candidate of technical sciences, associate professor, director of the Federal Budgetary Institution «State regional center for standardization, metrology and testing in the Tula Region» (FBI «Tula CSM»), full member of the Academy of Quality Problems; Tula

A.V. Kritsky, graduate student of Samara state technical university; Samara

U.V. Brachunova, graduate student of Samara state technical university; Samara

The paper presents the results of the development and implementation of design approach tools for solving quality problems of new cars in operation. The generalization of the experience of the project teams in solving problems in the field of the quality of new vehicles in operation.

Keywords: competitiveness, quality, car.

References:
1. Kozlovsky V.N. Ensuring the quality and reliability of the car electrical system. Abstract of dissertation for the degree of вoctor of еechnical ыciences. Moscow State Automobile and Highway Institute (Technical University). Togliatti, 2010.
2. Nemtsev A.D., Kozlovsky V.N. Modeling is a product quality management tool. Automotive industry. 2003, No. 10. рр. 1–16.
3. Zayatrov A.V., Kozlovsky V.N. Analyze and evaluate the relationship between traditional reliability metrics and metrics used by leading passenger car manufacturers. Transport electronics and electrical equipment. 2012, No. 1. pp. 41–43.
4. Erokhina L.I., Naumova O.N., Kozlovsky V.N. Innovative mechanisms for managing the potential of the service sector in the region: monograph. Volga State University of Service. Togliatti, 2013.
5. Kozlovsky V.N., Zayatrov A.V. The problem of strategic planning for improving the quality and reliability of the electrical equipment system of cars. Electronics and electrical equipment. 2012, № 1.  pp. 44–47.
6. Debelov V.V., Ivanov V.V., Kozlovsky V.N., Stroganov V.I., Yutt V.E. Electronic system for controlling the speed of the vehicle in the modes of maintaining and limiting the speed. Truck. 2013, No. 12.  pp. 19–23.
7. Kozlovsky V.N., Gorbachevsky N.I., Soro- kin A.G., Kislinsky V.B., Miphtakhova L.Kh. Analytical complex for predicting the reliability of electric vehicles and vehicles with a combined power plant. Bulletin of Kazan Technological University. 2014, volume 17, No. 3. pp. 227–229.
8. Kozlovsky V.N., Stroganov V.I., Debelov V.V., Pyanov M.A. A complex of electronic control systems for the movement of a passenger car with a combined power plant. Part 1. Electrical and informational complexes and systems. 2014, volume 10, No. 1.  рр. 40–49.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2020-27-3-52-61

 
p. 62-66

Justification and Development of a Lean Manufacturing System for a Trade Organization

I.Yu. Reznichenko, doctor of technical sciences, professor, head of the department of quality management of Kemerovo State University; Kemerovo
e-mail: Irina.reznichenko@gmail.com

K.A. Brusova, undergraduate of of the department of quality management of Kemerovo State University; Kemerovo

The purpose of the work was to justify and implement the developed system of lean production in a small-format trade organization to increase the effectiveness of its activities. The work used methods regulated by the requirements of regulatory documents (GOST R 56407-2015, GOST R 56036-2014): 5S when analyzing the organization of the workspace, Poka-Yoke to prevent unintentional errors and eliminate them; visualization; work standardization; and Kaizen tools, timing. When assessing the satisfaction of internal and external consumers, we used the questionnaire method. The research results include a list of identified causes of losses from defective sold goods, loss of working time, reasons for customer dissatisfaction; processed data on satisfaction of internal consumers, data on improvement of working conditions and safety. The analysis and systematization of the results obtained made it possible to formulate specific proposals for the involvement of employees in the process of improving the working space, increasing the efficiency of the trade organization and introducing the results into practice.

Keywords: Lean production; trade organization; tools and techniques; customer satisfaction; reduction of losses; employee engagement.

References:
1.   Ter-Israelyan A.M. «Lean manufacturing» in the domestic industry and the Soviet science of the organization of production. In the collection: Innovative technologies in science and education, a collection of articles of the X International scientific and practical conference. 2019. pp. 178–180.
2.   Litvinov I.E. , Korkishko A.N., Chukhlaty M.S., Nabokov A.V. Lean production as a basis for increasing production efficiency. Economics and entrepreneurship. 2019, No. 2(103). pp. 1132–1136.
3.   Konotopsky V.Yu., Menshikova E.V., Verkhovskaya M.V., Dreval A.N., Eremin V.V. The use of lean manufacturing tools in a modern enterprise. Bulletin of the Altai academy of economics and law. Barnaul, 2019. pp. 84–89.
4.   Nagovitsina L.P., Shiryaeva T.Yu., Sorokina D.A. Success factors and organization competitiveness. Bulletin of the Belgorod university of cooperation, economics and law. Belgorod, 2017. pp. 69–77.
5.   Turkova A.A., Kurbanaev P.R. Lean manufacturing as a method of increasing production efficiency at engineering enterprises. Innovation science. 2017, No. 12. pp. 123–125.
6.   Davletkildeeva A.I. Problems of implementing lean production in Russia and their solution. Innovation science. 2018, volume 1, No. 5. pp. 29–31.
7.   Belysh K.V. An integrated approach to the implementation and evaluation of the effectiveness of the implementation of lean production at an industrial enterprise. Bulletin of Ural Federal University. Series: economics and management. 2018, volume 17, No. 5.  pp. 751–771.
8.   Nurzhasarova M.A., Sarttarova L.T., Dikenova D.B. Candidate M. Principles for the implementation of lean manufacturing at sewing enterprises. News of Higher Education Institutions. Technology of the textile industry. 2019. No. 5 (383). pp. 187–191.
9.   Safronova K.S., Tsvirkunov D.I. A study of the level of maturity of lean manufacturing at Russian enterprises. Moscow University Bulletin. Series 6: Economics. 2020, № 2. pp. 106–122.
10. Safonova K.S., Sedova V.D. Analysis of the maturity of lean manufacturing. Standards and quality. 2020, No. 1. pp. 64–69.
11. Kirillova EA, Huiyuan H., Kunhai V. The role of the formation and development of personnel management in improving the competitiveness of production. QualityInnovation. Education. 2019. No. 3(161). pp. 112–114.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2020-27-3-62-66

 

TRANSPORT. AVIATION

p. 67-76

Retraining of Aviation Personnel  in Organizations that Develop and Manufacture Helicopter Equipment – a Necessary Condition for the Quality of Functioning of the Aviation Transport System

A.I. Resinets, candidate of military sciences, associate professor of department «Design of helicopters» of the Moscow aviation institute (National Research University); Moscow 
e-mail: k102@mai.ru

The article discusses one of the components of the aviation transport system of civil aviation in Russia – the training center for aviation personnel on the example of the aviation training center of JSC «Kamov». The problematic issues related to the training of domestic and foreign aviation specialists in the organization of the developer and manufacturer of aviation equipment are analyzed, both through civil aviation and within the framework of military-technical cooperation.

Keywords: aviation equipment, aviation personnel, training, retraining.

References:
1.    Resinets A.I., Lebedinsky A.V. Improvement of the training system for civil aviation personnel in the organizations of the developer and manufacturer of aviation equipment. Quality and life. 2019, no. 2.
2.    Resinets A.I., Kolmakov V.S. Improving the quality of after-sales service is a strategic direction for the development of the domestic helicopter industry. Quality and life. 2019, no. 2.
3.    Federal Law of December 29, 2012 No. 273-FZ «On Education in the Russian Federation». Available at: https://fzrf.su/zakon/ob-obrazovanii-273-fz.
4.    Order of the Federal antimonopoly service of the Russian Federation «On the introduction of the Federal aviation rules» Certification of aviation centers «dated January 29, 1999 N 23. Available at: http://zakonrus.ru/avia/pfas_23fap.htm.
5.    Korovin V.N., Semenov S.M. General Designer S.V. Mikheev. Association «International United Biographical Center». Moscow, 2013. 470 p.
6.    Order of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation of September 29, 2015 No. 289 «On approval of the Federal aviation rules» Requirements for educational organizations and organizations providing training for specialists of the appropriate level according to the lists of aviation personnel specialists. The form and procedure for issuing a document confirming the compliance of educational organizations and organizations providing training for specialists of the appropriate level in accordance with the lists of aviation personnel specialists, the requirements of federal aviation regulations.» Available at: http://www.shpls.org/rights/standards/sb_2/1482/view.
7.    Federal law of 19.07. 1998 «On military-technical cooperation of the Russian Federation with foreign states» No. 114-fz.
8.    Manual on technical operation and repair of aviation equipment in civil aviation of Russia (NTERAT GA-93) Approved by the Order of the DVT of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation of 20.06.1994 N DV-58, 112 p.
9.    A list of Russian aviation training centers that train specialists of the appropriate level in accordance with the lists of aviation personnel. Available at: https://m.favt.ru/dejatelnost-letnaya-ekspluataciya-aviacionnie-ushebnie....
10. Decree of the President of the Russian Federation «Issues of military-technical cooperation of the Russian Federation with foreign states from 10.09. 2005 No. 1062.
11. Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation «On the provision by the Ministry of the Russian Federation of services for the training and education of military and military-technical personnel of foreign states» dated 29.10. 2015 No. 1164.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2020-27-3-67-76

 
p. 77-83

Integrated Landing Gear Control Loop as a Means of Increasing the Stability and Controllability of Aircraft of Unconventional Schemes when Moving on the Ground

A.A. Smagin, postgraduate student of the Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), design engineer of the 3rd category of the Sukhoi Experimental Design Bureau; Moscow
e-mail: smagin_9595@mail.ru

O.S. Dolgov, doctor of technical sciences, professor of the Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University); Moscow 

The paper proposes an approach to solving the problems of stability and controllability of aircraft of the aerodynamic «flying wing» scheme from the point of view of movement on the ground, which consists in combining landing gear systems into an automated integrated control loop. The analysis of the features of movement on the ground is carried out, the disadvantages and boundaries of the application of the existing control methods are indicated. The construction of a dynamic aircraft model for virtual testing of control algorithms is described. The conclusion is made about the practical advantages that are expected as a result of the introduction of an integral control loop for chassis systems.

Keywords: landing gear, stability and controllability, flying wing, automation, integral control loop.

References:
1. Goncharov P.S., Artamonov I.A., Khalitov T.F., Denisikhin S.V., Sotnik D.E. NX Advanced Simulation. Engineering analysis. DMK Press. Moscow, 2012.  504 p.
2. Zhitomirskiy G.I. Aircraft design. A textbook for students of aviation specialties of universities. Mechanical engineering. Moscow, 1991. 400 p.
3. Kokonin S.S., Kramarenko E.I., Matveenko A.M. Design fundamentals for aircraft wheels and brake systems. Moscow Aviation Institute. Moscow, 2007.  264 p.
4. Kondrashov N.A. Design of retractable landing gear for aircraft. Mechanical engineering. Moscow, 1991. 223 p.
5. Ligum T.I. Aerodynamics and flight dynamics of turbojet aircraft. Transport. Moscow, 1972. 320 p.
6. Conway H.G. Landing gear design. 1958. 850 с.
7. Norman S. Currey. Aircraft landing gear design. Principles and practices. 1988 г. 350 p.
8. Fetisov V.S., Neugodnikova L.M. Unmanned aircraft: terminology, classification, current state. PHOTON. Ufa, 2014. 217 p.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2020-27-3-77-83

 
p. 84-91

Quality Management of De-Icing Liquid as an Object for Ensuring Safe Take-Off of an Aircraft

O.S. Dolgov, doctor of technical sciences, head of department 104 «Technological design and quality management», Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University); Moscow

B.B. Safoklov, senior lecturer of department 104 «Technological design and quality management», Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University); Moscow
e-mail: safoklovbb@mai.ru

This paper discusses the possibility of the evolution of quality control of an object of ground anti-icing physicochemical treatment of the surface of an aircraft – anti-icing fluids, in «Quality management – an anti-icing fluid as an object of ensuring the safe takeoff of an aircraft.» The definition – «The quality of the anti-icing fluid» has been formulated. Introduced, as a functional, the concept of «Quality of anti-icing fluid at the stage of AIT», for integration into the system «Quality management of anti-icing fluid» – on the basis of knowledge bases about the IAF as a set of all properties expected by the operator. For the implementation of information software support for the AIT process, the concept of «Regeloscopic program of ground anti-icing protection of aircraft» was introduced, on the basis of which a functional model was presented for building a strategy for processing and protection of aircraft from ground-based icing in accordance with modern requirements for airlines – «Security. Profitability. Environmental friendliness».

Keywords: Quality management, quality control, anti-icing treatment (AIT), anti-icing protection (AIP), anti-icing fluid (AIF), safe takeoff, functional model, optimization.

References:
1. Doc 9640-AN/940 ICAO, Manual of aircraft. Ground de-icing. Anti-icing operations. 2000, second edition, chapter 2.
2. State standard of Russian Federation 54264-2010. Air Transport. Aircraft maintenance and repair system. Aircraft de-icing methods and procedures. General requirements.
3. SAE AMS 1424. Deicing. Anti-Icing Fluid. Aircraft. SAE Type I.
4. SAE AMS 1428. Aircraft Deicing. Anti-Icing Fluid, Non-Newtonian (Pseudoplastic), SAE Types II, III, and IV.
5. Order of the Ministry of Transport of Russia of July 31, 2009 N 128 «On the approval of the Federal aviation rules» Preparation and performance of flights in civil aviation of the Russian Federation.
6. Letter of the Federal air transport agency dated February 26, 2020 N Iskh-7495/03 «On the implementation of the decisions of the minutes of the meeting in the Federal air transport agency on 01/20/2020 (N 33/03-PR dated 02/05/2020)».
7. Bondarenko O.M., Makarov M.V., Stradomskiy O.Yu., Philatov A.Yu. Quality control of anti-icing fluids at the stages from production to their use at airports. Scientific Bulletin of GosNII GA. Collection of scientific papers No. 334. No. 23. p. 31.
8. Letter of Rosprirodnadzor dated 07.12.2016 N AS-03-00-41 / 24828 «On the need to comply with environmental requirements when using anti-icing reagents at airports».
9. Kulagina I.I., Semikin D.V. Business process modeling in accordance with ISO 9000 series standards. Business. Education. Right. Bulletin of the Volgograd Institute of Business. 2015, No. 1 (30). pp. 219–223.

DOI: 10.34214/2312-5209-2020-27-3-84-91